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Rio Grande do Sul

Rio Grande do Sul
Full nameState of Rio Grande do Sul
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
MottoLiberdade, Igualdade, Humanidade (Portuguese)
"Liberty, Equality, Humanity"
AnthemHino Rio-Grandense
Capital and Largest CityPorto Alegre
GovernorTarso Genro
Vice GovernorJorge Alberto "Beto" Grill
Total Area108754.9 sq mi (281748.538 km2)
Area rank9th
Total Population10695532 (5th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (13th) (0/sq mi)
DemonymGaúcho or Sul-rio-grandense
Year2008 estimate
TotalR$ 199,499,000,000 (4th)
Per capitaR$ 18.378,17 (6th)
Category0.832 - high (4th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code90000-000 to 99990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-RS

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Rio Grande do Sul (-pthiw ˈɡɾɐ̃dʒi du suw-Br-RioGrandeDoSul is the southernmost state in Brazil, and the state with the fifth highest Human Development Index (HDI) in the country. In this state is located the southernmost city in the country, Chuí, on the border with Uruguay. In the region of Bento Gonçalves and Caxias do Sul, the largest wine producing center in Brazil, the attraction is Italian gastronomy. Besides the European influence, the gaúchos, or inhabitants of Rio Grande do Sul, strongly cultivate the traditions of the Pampas — region of the border with Uruguay and Argentina — such as drinking mate (known as chimarrão drunk in special gourd cups), eating the typical barbecue, known as churrasco, and the traditional clothes are the bombachas (baggy trousers), boots and large hats. Although the majority of the population dresses non-traditionally, there is a widespread value for tradition and culture, which renders the image of "cultural zealots" sometimes attributed whomdate=June 2011 to the gauchos.

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