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United States Navy

United States Navy
United States Navy portal
Military unit
Unit nameUnited States Navy
FoundedOctober 13, 1775 � 1790, 1797 � present
CountryUnited States
Size333,642 active duty personnel
286 ships
3,700+ aircraft
11 Aircraft carriers
9 Amphibious assault ships
9 Amphibious transport docks
12 Dock landing ships
22 Cruisers
60 Destroyers
28 Frigates
75 Submarines
Part ofDepartment of Defense
Department of the Navy
Garrison/HQThe Pentagon
Motto"Honor, Courage, Commitment"
"Non sibi sed patriae" (Not self but country) (unofficial)
ColorsBlue, Gold   
MarchAnchors Aweigh
Presidential Unit Citation

Navy Unit Commendation

Meritorious Unit Commendation
SecretaryHon. Leon Panetta
Chief of Naval OperationsADM Gary Roughead
Vice Chief of Naval OperationsADM Gary Roughead
Master Chief Petty OfficerMCPON Rick D. West
Aircraft flown
AttackF/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F
E-2C, EP-3E, E-6, EA-6B, EA-18G
FighterF/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F
HelicopterUH-1, SH-3, CH-53D, MH-53E, SH-60B/F, HH-60H, MH-60R/S
PatrolP-3, P-8
TrainerF-5, F-16N, T-2C, T-6, T-34, T-39, T-44, T-45, TH-57
TransportC-2, C-9, C-12, C-20, C-40, C-130

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The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S. Navy also has the world's largest carrier fleet, with 11 in service, one under construction (two planned), and one in reserve. The service had 328,516 personnel on active duty and 101,689 in the Navy Reserve in January 2011. It operates 286 ships in active service and more than 3,700 aircraft.

The Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was essentially disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter. The United States Constitution provided the legal basis for a military force by giving Congress the power "to provide and maintain a navy".Depredations against U.S. shipping by Barbary Coast pirates in the Mediterranean Sea spurred Congress to employ this power by passing the Naval Act of 1794 ordering the construction and manning of six frigates. These ships were used to end most pirate activity off the Barbary Coast. In the 20th century American blue-water navy capability was demonstrated by the 1907 � 1909 world tour of the Great White Fleet.

The 21st century United States Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in such areas as East Asia, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. It is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward areas during peacetime, and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it an active player in U.S. foreign and defense policy.The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy. The Department of the Navy is itself a division of the Department of Defense, which is headed by the Secretary of Defense. Traditionally, the highest ranking naval officer is the Chief of Naval Operations, a position currently held by Admiral Gary Roughead, however two naval officers currently outrank him. The highest ranking naval officer is the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Michael Mullen and the second highest ranking is the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral James Winnefeld.

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