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1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia

1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
Ušće Tower on fire, 1999 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Military Conflict
ConflictOperation Allied Force
DateMarch 24, 1999 � June 10, 1999 (78 days)
LocationFederal Republic of Yugoslavia, mainly in the Republic of Serbia
ResultKumanovo Treaty UN Security Council Resolution 1244 * High civilian casualties for both the Albanians and Serbian minority in Kosovo and Serbian civilians in Yugoslavia * Little damage inflicted on military targets * Withdrawal of Yugoslav troops from Kosovo * Deployment of KFOR
No legal border changes according to UN Resolution 1244, de facto separation of Kosovo from Yugoslavia under United Nations temporary administration
NATO forces
United States United States
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Germany Germany
France France
Italy Italy
Canada Canada
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal
Denmark Denmark
Norway Norway
Turkey Turkey
Netherlands Netherlands
Belgium Belgium
and other NATO air, maritime and land forces
FR Yugoslavia
United States Bill Clinton
United Kingdom Tony Blair
United States Hugh Shelton
NATO United States Wesley Clark (SACEUR)
NATO Spain Javier Solana
Germany Rudolf Scharping
FR Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević (Supreme Commander of the Yugoslav Army)
FR Yugoslavia Dragoljub Ojdanić (Chief of Staff)
FR Yugoslavia Svetozar Marjanović (Deputy Chief of Staff)
FR Yugoslavia Nebojša Pavković (Commander of 3rd Army)
Over 1031 aircraft
30 attack ships and submarines
Task Force Hawk
114,000 regulars
20,000 Yugoslav police
15,000 volunteers
14 combat-capable MiG-29s
46 combat capable Mig 21s
34 combat capable Soko J-22 Oraos
1200 heavy combat capable Tanks
800 Heavy combat capable armoured vehicles
United States 2 AH-64 Apaches United States 2 soldiers killed in second AH-64 Apache crash outside combat
United States 1 F-117A Nighthawk shot down
United States 2 A-10 Thunderbolt IIs damaged
United States 1 F-16C shot down
United States 1 AV-8B Harrier crashed
NATO 47 UAVs lost United States 3 soldiers captured
FR Yugoslavia 1031 soldiers and police officers killed
FR Yugoslavia 299 soldiers wounded
FR Yugoslavia 6 MiG-29s shot down or crashed
FR Yugoslavia 1 J-22 Orao crashed
FR Yugoslavia 22 armored vehicles and artillery pieces destroyed in Kosovo, including 14 tanks
FR Yugoslavia Human Rights Watch was able to verify 500 civilian deaths throughout FR Yugoslavia (outside of Kosovo), with other sources stating from 1,200 to 5,700.

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The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (code-name Operation Allied Force or, by the United States, Operation Noble Anvil) was NATO's military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War. The strikes lasted from March 24, 1999 to June 10, 1999.

The bombing of Yugoslavia was intended to stop ethnic cleansing, including the alleged Yugoslav military operation Operation Horseshoe, and to keep the Yugoslav army from repeating the atrocities committed in Bosnia.

The NATO bombing marked the second major combat operation in its history, following the 1995 NATO bombing campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The bombings led to the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo, establishment of UNMIK, a UN mission in Kosovo and put an end to the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. The bombing campaign was criticized, especially for the number of civilian casualties that resulted from the bombing.

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