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Manila

Manila
Administration
Full nameCity of Manila
Official nameCity of Manila
Native nameLungsod ng Maynila
Settlement typeCapital City
MottoLinisin at Ikarangal ang Maynila
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
Districts1st to 6th districts of Manila
City zones100
Barangays897
SettledJune 10, 1574
Government
TypeMayor council
MayorAlfredo S. Lim (Liberal)
Vice MayorFrancisco M. Domagoso (Nacionalista)
RepresentativesCity Representatives
• Benjamin D.R. Asilo
1st District
• Carlo V. Lopez
2nd District
• Ma. Zenaida B. Angping
3rd District
• Ma. Theresa Bonoan-David
4th District
• Amado S. Bagatsing
5th District
• Rosenda Ann M. Ocampo
6th District
City CouncilCouncilors
1st District
Ernesto M. Dionisio, Jr.
Erick Ian O. Nieva
Moises T. Lim
Dennis B. Alcoreza
Niño M. Dela Cruz
Irma C. Alfonso-Juson
2nd District
Marlon M. Lacson
Edward M. Tan
Ruben F. Buenaventura
Numero G. Lim
Ramon M. Robles
Rodolfo N. Lacsamana
3rd District
Ma. Asuncion G. Fugoso
John Marvin C. Nieto (Yul Servo)
Ernesto C. Isip, Jr.
Bernardito C. Ang
Joel R. Chua
Ramon D. Morales
4th District
Don Juan A. Bagatsing
Ma. Sheilah H. Lacuna-Pangan
Edward V. Maceda
Jocelyn J. Quintos
Luisito N. Chua
Eduardo V. QUintos XVI
5th District
Josefina M. Siscar
Raymundo R. Yupangco
Cristina A. Isip
Richard C. Ibay
Roberto R. Ortega, Jr.
Rafael P.Borromeo
6th District
Luciano M. Veloso
Danilo Victor H. Lacuna, Jr.
Elizabeth Z. Rivera
Casimiro C. Sison
Luis C. Uy
Jocelyn B. Dawis-Asuncion
Liga ng mga Barangay President
Salvador H. Lacuna
SK Federation President
John Russel Benedict M. Ibay
Geography
Total Area14.9 sq mi (38.55 km2)
Metro Area246.5 sq mi (638.55 km2)
Elevation52.5 ft (16.0 m)
Demography
Total Population1660714 (2007)
Density (pop.)43079/km2 (111574.6/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)20795000
Metro (pop.)11553427
DemonymManilans/Manileños
Other information
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code0900 to 1096
Area code2

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Manila ( ; pronounced -tlmajˈnilaʔ in Tagalog and -enməˈnɪlə ( ) in English) is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.

Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast, and Pasay to the south.

Manila has a total population of more than 1,660,714 according to the 2007 census. Manila is the second most populous city in the Philippines behind Quezon City. The populace inhabit an area of only 38.55 square kilometers, making Manila the most densely populated city in the world.

Metro Manila is the most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines and the 11th in the world with an estimated population of 16,300,000. The greater urban area is the fifth-largest in the world and has an estimated metropolitan population of 20,654,307 people.

The city is divided into six legislative districts and consists of sixteen geographical districts: Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andres, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo. Within their precincts can be found areas of bustling commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant iconic landmarks in the country as well as the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government. It is home to many scientific and educational institutions, as well as numerous sport facilities. These make the city a major political, commercial, cosmopolitan, cultural, educational, religious, and transportation center of the Philippines.

The earliest written account of the city is the 10th-century Laguna Copperplate Inscription which describe an Indianized kingdom maintaining diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Medang and commercial exchanges with Ancient Japan and Song Dynasty China. The city was invaded by Brunei's Sultan Bolkiah and was already Islamized by the 15th century when the Spanish first arrived. Manila eventually became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East and one end of the Manila Acapulco galleon trade route linking Latin America and Asia. This caused it to be called the "Pearl of the Orient". Several Chinese insurrections, local revolts, a British Occupation and a Sepoy mutiny also occurred thereafter. Later, it saw the rise of the Philippine Revolution which was followed by the arrival of the Americans who made contributions to the city's urban planning and development only to have most of those improvements lost in the devastation of World War II. Since then the city has been rebuilt.


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