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General information
Common nameMoldova
Local nameRepublica Moldova
NameRepublica Moldova
AnthemLimba Noastră 
Our Language
Largest citycapital
Official languagesMoldovan (Romanian)1
Regional languagesGagauz, Russian and Ukrainian
Ethnic groups75.8% Moldovans2,
8.3% Ukrainians,
5.9% Russians,
4.4% Gagauzes,
2.2% Romanians2,
1.9% Bulgarians,
1.5% others and unspecified
(excl. Transnistria) (2004)
DemonymMoldovan, Moldavian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
Acting PresidentMarian Lupu
Prime MinisterVlad Filat
President of the ParliamentMarian Lupu
Declaration of SovereigntyJune 23, 1990
Declaration of Independence (from the Soviet Union)
August 27, 19913
Total Area13067 sq mi (33843.5 km2) (138th)
Water %1.4
(incl. Transnistria)
Population Est.3560400 (129th3)
Population census(-) 3,383,332
(excl. Transnistria) (2004)
Density (pop.)122/km2 (87th) (316/sq mi)
GDP PPP$10.986 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$3,082
GDP (nominal)$5.810 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,630
Other information
Gini37.1 (2007) (medium)
HDI(-) 0.623 (2010) (medium) (102nd)
CurrencyMoldovan leu (MDL)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code373

     Home | Country | Moldova

Moldova c-enaudio=en-us-Moldova.oggmɒlˈdoʊvə, officially the Republic of Moldova (Moldovan/ -roreˈpublika molˈdovapron) is a landlocked state in Eastern Europe, located between Romania to the West and Ukraine to the North, East and South. It declared itself an independent state with the same boundaries as the preceding Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991, as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A strip of Moldova's internationally recognized territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990.

The nation is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. Moldova is a member state of the United Nations, Council of Europe, WTO, OSCE, GUAM, CIS, BSEC and other international organizations. Moldova currently aspires to join the European Union, and has implemented the first three-year Action Plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).

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