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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
General information
NameOrganization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Administrative centerSecretariat
Government
Secretary GeneralFrance M. P. de Brichambaut
Chairperson-in-OfficeLT Audronius Ažubalis
Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Slovenia Janez Lenarčič
Representative on Freedom of the Media
Bosnia and Herzegovina Dunja Mijatović
High Commissioner on National Minorities
Norway Knut Vollebæk
as the CSCE1July 1973
Helsinki Accords30 July 1 August 1975
Paris Charter21 November 1990
renamed as the OSCE1 January 1995
Geography
Total Area19346243.2 sq mi (50119801 km2)
Demography
Population Est.1229503230 (2nd)
Density (pop.)24.53/km2 (63.5/sq mi)
Economy
Other information
Websitewww.osce.org

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The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections. Most of its 3,500-plus staff are engaged in field operations, with only around 10% in its headquarters.

The OSCE is an ad hoc organization under the United Nations Charter (Chap. VIII), and is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. Its 56 participating states are in Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia and North America and cover most of the northern hemisphere. It was created during the Cold War era as an East-West forum.


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