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General information
Common nameRomania
Local name 
AnthemDeşteaptă-te, române!
Awaken thee, Romanian!

Largest citycapital
Official languagesRomanian
Ethnic groups89.5% Romanians
6.6% Hungarians
2.5% Roma
2% other minorities (2002)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentTraian Băsescu
Prime MinisterEmil Boc (PD-L)
President of SenateMircea Geoană (PSD)
President of ChamberRoberta Anastase (PD-L)
LegislatureParlamentul României
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseChamber of Deputies
Little Union1January 24, 1859
Independence from the Ottoman Empire21877/1878
Great Union3December 1, 1918
EU accessionJanuary 1, 2007
Total Area92043 sq mi (238391.4 km2) (83rd)
Water %3
Population Est.21904551 (53rd)
Population census21698181 (2002)
Density (pop.)89.9/km2 (104th) (233/sq mi)
GDP PPP$254.160 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$11,860
GDP (nominal)$161.629 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$7,542
Other information
Gini32 (2008) (medium)
HDI0.767 (2010) (high) (50th)
CurrencyRomanian leu4 (RON)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.ro5
Calling code40

     Home | Country | Romania

Romania (c-enaudio=en-us-Romania.oggroʊˈmeɪniə ; dated: Roumania; or Rumania,; -roromɨˈni.aRo-România is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south.

At , Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with 21.9 million people. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the sixth largest city in the EU with about two million people.

The Kingdom of Romania emerged when the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia were united under Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza in 1859. Independence from the Ottoman Empire was declared on May 9, 1877, and was internationally recognized the following year. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the Kingdom of Romania. Greater Romania emerged into an era of progression and prosperity that would continue until World War II. By the end of the War, many north-eastern areas of Romania's territories were occupied by the Soviet Union, and Romania forcibly became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact.

With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began to transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery and the country joined the European Union on 1 January 2007. Romania is now an upper middle-income country with high human development.

Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie, of the OSCE and of the United Nations. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government.

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