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General information
Common nameTransnistria
Local nameРепублика Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
(Republica Moldovenească Nistreană)
Приднестрóвская Молдáвская Респýблика
(Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika)
Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
(Pridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika)
NameРепублика Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
(Republica Moldovenească Nistreană)
Приднестрóвская Молдáвская Респýблика
(Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika)
Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
(Pridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika)
AnthemAnthem of Transnistria
Largest citycapital
Official languagesRussian1,
Moldovan2 (official only in its Cyrillic form),
Ethnic groups31.9% Moldovans
30.4% Russians
28.8% Ukrainians (2005)
Governmentpresidential republic
President of the Transnistrian Moldovan RepublicIgor Smirnov
Autonomous territory of the Republic of Moldova that is de facto independentAutonomous territory of the Republic of Moldova that is de facto independent
Declaration of Independence2 September 1990
War of Transnistria2 March - 21 July 1992
Recognitionby 3 non-UN members only3
Total Area1607 sq mi (4162.1 km2)
Water %2.35
Population Est.537000
Population census555347 (2004)
Density (pop.)133.2/km2 (345/sq mi)
Other information
CurrencyTransnistrian ruble4 (PRB)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLDnone5
Calling code+373 spec. +373 5 and +373 2

     Home | Country | Transnistria

Transnistria, also known as Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria is a breakaway territory located mostly on a strip of land between the Dniester River and the eastern Moldovan border to Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed de facto as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as "Pridnestrovie"), an unrecognized state which claims the territory to the east of the river Dniester, the city of Bender and its surrounding localities located on the west bank. The modern Republic of Moldova does not recognize the secession and considers territories controlled by the PMR to be part of Moldova's autonomous region of Stînga Nistrului ("Left Bank of the Dniester"). Transnistria's sovereignty is unrecognized by any United Nations member state and it has no diplomatic relations with them.

After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between the Moldovan government and the breakaway unrecognized state's authorities in Tiraspol escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising 20 localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved: commonly considered de jure part of Moldova, Transnistria is a de facto independent state. It is organized as a presidential republic, with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, and currency. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and a coat of arms. However, following a 2005 agreement between Moldova and Ukraine, all Transnistrian companies seeking to export goods through the Ukrainian border must be registered with the Moldovan authorities. This agreement was implemented after the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) started its activity in 2005. Most Transnistrians are Moldovan citizens, but there are also many Transnistrians with Russian and Ukrainian citizenship.

Transnistria is sometimes compared with other post-Soviet frozen conflict zones such as Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia. The latter two have recognised Transnistria as an independent state and have established diplomatic relations in return for Transnistria's recognition of them (see Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations).

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Big Carlos at the Eurovision and a Betfair Poker Freeroll - Tweet this news's kind of hard to believe Betfair Poker paper shuffler Big Carlos will be representing -Transnistria- at the Eurovision Song Contest on Saturday May 14 in Dusseldorf. It's even harder to believe he is the password to an e - Date : Wed, 11 May 2011 18:19:03 GMT+00:00
Moscow Signals Interest In Berlin Initiative On Transnistria - Georgiandaily Tweet this news
Georgiandaily--On March 29 in Moscow, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov held talks with his Moldovan counterpart, Iurie Leanca, on resuming and advancing a resolution of the -Transnistria- conflict (Moldpres, March 30; Nezavisimaya Gazeta, March 31). ... - Date : Fri, 01 Apr 2011 13:11:24 GMT+00:00
Romania - State Secretary Bogdan Aurescu meets with teaching staff delegation ... - ISRIA (registration) Tweet this news
ISRIA (registration)--State Secretary for European Affairs Bogdan Aurescu received, on 24 March 2011, a delegation of teaching staff from the -Transnistria- region of the Republic of Moldova, now in Bucharest to have talks with representatives of the Roma - Date : Mon, 28 Mar 2011 19:40:22 GMT+00:00
Holocaust survivor talks of a generation's stories - Brunswick News Tweet this news
Brunswick News--Bendit spoke Tuesday at the weekly meeting of the St. Simons Island Rotary Club at Sea Palms Resort about the Nazis moving his family on death marches to a camp in -Transnistria-, Ukraine. "We were sent to -Transnistria- in Octobe - Date : Wed, 16 Mar 2011 07:11:55 GMT+00:00
OSCE's Lithuanian chair announces visit to Georgia - Hurriyet Daily News Tweet this news
Hurriyet Daily News--When he took the OSCE chairmanship in January, the Lithuanian foreign minister said protracted conflicts in the breakaway Moldovan region of -Transnistria- and the South Caucasus, as well as the situation in Georgia, would be among hi - Date : Thu, 10 Mar 2011 12:07:43 GMT+00:00
Editor prepares for spring break in Moldova - The Daily Collegian Online Tweet this news
The Daily Collegian Online--Don't get me started on my love for Moldovan pop star Nelly Ciobanu, educated at a music college in -Transnistria-, the separatist, self-governing republic nestled in Moldova's eastern corner, on its border with Ukrai - Date : Thu, 03 Mar 2011 13:21:34 GMT+00:00
President Medvedev sends greetings on Defenders of the Fatherland Day - The Voice of Russia Tweet this news
The Voice of Russia--So we must be strong" the Russian leader wrote in his blog. The Defender's Day is a holiday celebrated on February 23 in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, -Transnistria- and South Ossetia. It is often positioned and perceived as - Date : Wed, 23 Feb 2011 03:54:40 GMT+00:00
Local Author Pens Five-Part Series of Historical Novels - Hicksville Illustrated News Tweet this news
Hicksville Illustrated News---...- at Roosevelt's Riot Act, the intervention of Pope Pius XII and the Vatican, and how thousands of Jews are brought back to Romania from -Transnistria-. ... - Date : Fri, 04 Feb 2011 05:04:35 GMT+00:00
Estonia - Foreign Minister Paet: European Union Wants Strengthening of Rule of ... - ISRIA (registration) Tweet this news
ISRIA (registration)---...- common neighbourhood and Russia's willingness to begin resolving the conflict situations in Georgia's occupied areas and in -Transnistria- in Moldova. ... - Date : Tue, 01 Feb 2011 22:25:46 GMT+00:00
Ziar rusesc: Transnistria testeaza pe sine situatia din Sudan - HotNews Tweet this news
HotNews--Tot acolo a ramas insa si -Transnistria-, unde, la sfarsitul anului, vor avea lor alegeri prezidentiale. Chisinau, Bucuresti si Bruxelles spera ca ele vor ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 18:01:23 GMT+00:00

Administrative divisions of Moldova

DistrictsAnenii Noi * Basarabeasca * Briceni * Cahul * Cantemir * Călăraşi * Căuşeni * Cimişlia * Criuleni * Donduşeni * Drochia * Dubăsari * Edineţ * Făleşti * Floreşti * Glodeni * Hînceşti * Ialoveni * Leova * Nisporeni * Ocniţa * Orhei * Rezina * Rîşcani * Sîngerei * Soroca * Străşeni * Şoldăneşti * Ştefan Vodă * Taraclia * Teleneşti * Ungheni
Autonomous regionsGăgăuzia * Transnistriaup|1
MunicipalitiesChişinău * Bălţi * Bender

Geography of the Transnistrian conflict

Moldovan control
Northern security zoneCocieri (Vasilievca) up|1 * Corjova (Mahala) up|1 * Molovata Nouăup|1 * Coşniţa (Pohrebea) up|1 * Pârâtaup|1 * Doroţcaiaup|1
Southern security zoneVarniţaup|2 * Copancaup|3
Transnistrian control
Northern security zoneDubăsariup|5 * Roghiup|1
Southern security zoneBenderyup|4 (Proteagailovcaup|4) * Gâscaup|3 * Chiţcani (Mereneşti * Zahorna) up|3 * Cremenciugup|3

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