Marcus Garvey
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Marcus Garvey

Garvey in 1924
Personal information
Birth nameMarcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.
Birth date17 August 1887
Place of birthSt. Ann's Bay, Jamaica
Date of death10 June 1940(age 52)
Death placeLondon, England
OccupationPublisher, Journalist
Known forActivism, National Hero of Jamaica
ReligionRoman Catholic
ParentsMarcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr.
Sarah Jane Richards

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Rt. Excellent Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., National Hero of Jamaica (17 August 1887 - 10 June 1940) was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black Nationalist, Pan-Africanist, and orator. Marcus Garvey was founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL).

Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement focusing on Africa known as Garveyism. Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption, Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam, to the Rastafari movement (which proclaims Garvey as a prophet). The intention of the movement was for those of African ancestry to "redeem" Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave it. His essential ideas about Africa were stated in an editorial in the Negro World titled “African Fundamentalism” where he wrote:


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African-American topics
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Bible * Kebra Nagast * The Promise Key * Holy Piby * My Life and Ethiopia's Progress * Royal Parchment Scroll of Black Supremacy
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Mansions * United States * Shashamane * Grounation Day
Notable individuals
Bob Marley * Peter Tosh * Walter Rodney * Mutabaruka * Benjamin Zephaniah
See also:
Vocabulary * Persecution * Dreadlocks * Reggae * Ethiopian Christianity * Index of Rastafari articles


Proponents Politicians: Nnamdi Azikiwe * Amílcar Cabral * Muammar al-Gaddafi * Marcus Garvey * David Comissiong * Kenneth Kaunda * Jomo Kenyatta * Patrice Lumumba * Thabo Mbeki * Abdias do Nascimento * Kwame Nkrumah * Julius Nyerere * John Nyathi Pokela * Haile Selassie * Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe * Ahmed Sékou Touré * I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson
Others: Molefi Kete Asante * Steve Biko * Edward Wilmot Blyden * John Henrik Clarke * Cheikh Anta Diop * W. E. B. Du Bois * Frantz Fanon * John G. Jackson * Yosef Ben-Jochannan * Maulana Karenga * Fela Kuti * Bob Marley * Malcolm X * Zephania Mothopeng * George Padmore * Motsoko Pheko * Runoko Rashidi * Walter Rodney * Burning Spear * Henry Sylvester-Williams * Stokely Carmichael * Omali Yeshitela
ConceptsUnited States of Africa * Afrocentrism * Kwanzaa * Pan-African colours * Pan-African flag * Négritude * African nationalism * African socialism * African Century * Africanization * Kawaida * Ujamaa * Harambee * Ubuntu * Zikism * Black nationalism
OrganizationsAfrican Union * Organization of African Unity * Uhuru Movement * UNIA-ACL * African Unification Front * International African Service Bureau

Roman Catholicism in Jamaica

OrdersMissionaries of the Poor
DiocesesMandeville * Montego Bay
Educational institutionsAlpha Boys School * Immaculate Conception High School * St. Catherine High School * St. George's College * St. Michael �s Theological College
Notable Roman CatholicsAlexander Bustamante * Gladys Bustamante * Sister Mary Ignatius Davis * Marcus Garvey * Claude McKay * Lawrence Aloysius Burke

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