Malcolm X
AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Malcolm X

Malcolm X, March 1964
NameMalcolm X
DateofbirthMay 19, 1925
PlaceofbirthOmaha, Nebraska, U.S.
DateofdeathFebruary 21, 1965(age 39)
PlaceofdeathNew York City, New York, U.S.
CaptionMalcolm X, March 1964
Alternate NameMalcolm Little,
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
MovementBlack nationalism, Pan-Africanism
OrganizationsNation of Islam,
Muslim Mosque, Inc.,
Organization of Afro-American Unity
ReligionSunni Islam
InfluencesElijah Muhammad,
Marcus Garvey

     Home | revolution biography | Malcolm X

Malcolm X ( ; May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz ( ), was an African-American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist. To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. His detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, antisemitism, and violence. He has been described as one of the greatest, and most influential, African Americans in history.

Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. The events of his childhood, including his father's lessons concerning black pride and self-reliance, and his own experiences concerning race, played a significant role in Malcolm X's adult life. By the time he was thirteen, his father had died and his mother had been committed to a mental hospital. After living in a series of foster homes, Malcolm X became involved in hustling and other criminal activities in Boston and New York. In 1946, Malcolm X was sentenced to eight to ten years in prison.

While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam. After his parole in 1952, he became one of the Nation's leaders and chief spokesmen. For nearly a dozen years, he was the public face of the Nation of Islam. Tension between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad, head of the Nation of Islam, led to Malcolm X's departure from the organization in March 1964.

After leaving the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X became a Sunni Muslim and made a pilgrimage to Mecca, after which he disavowed racism. He traveled extensively throughout Africa and the Middle East. He founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., a religious organization, and the secular, Pan-Africanist, Organization of Afro-American Unity. Less than a year after he left the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X was assassinated by three members of the group while giving a speech in New York.

Latest News : Malcolm X : Tweet this RSS

Want to Malcolm X latest news on your twitter account???     sign in with twitter
Malcolm X    Add   ||   revolution_biography    Add   ||   Other    Add

African American topics

African American
Atlantic slave trade * Maafa * Slavery in the United States * Military history of African Americans * Jim Crow laws * Redlining * Civil Rights Movements 1896 �1954 and * 1955 �1968 * Afrocentrism * Reparations for slavery
African American
African American studies * Neighborhoods * Juneteenth * Black colleges and universities * Kwanzaa * Art * Museums * Dance * Literature * Music * LGBT topics
ReligionBlack church * Black liberation theology * Black theology * Doctrine of Father Divine * American Society of Muslims * Nation of Islam * Black Hebrew Israelites
Pan-Africanism * Nationalism * Black Power * Black fist * Capitalism * Conservatism * Populism * Leftism * Black Panther Party * Garveyism
Civic and economic
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) * Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) * Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) * Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) * National Urban League (NUL) * Rights organizations * Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) * Thurgood Marshall College Fund * United Negro College Fund (UNCF) * National Black Chamber of Commerce (NBCC) * National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) * The Links * National Council of Negro Women (NCNW)
SportsNegro league baseball * Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) * Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SIAC) * Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) * Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) * African Americans in the NFL * African Americans in the CFL
Ethnic sub-divisionsBlack Indians * Gullah * Igbo
LanguagesEnglish * Gullah * Louisiana Creole French * African American Vernacular English
DiasporaLiberia * Nova Scotia * Sierra Leone * France
ListsAfrican Americans * African-American firsts * First mayors * U.S. state firsts * Landmark African-American legislation * African-American-related articles * Topics related to the Black Diaspora * African-American visual artists


Proponents Politicians: Nnamdi Azikiwe * Amílcar Cabral * Muammar al-Gaddafi * Marcus Garvey * David Comissiong * Kenneth Kaunda * Jomo Kenyatta * Patrice Lumumba * Thabo Mbeki * Abdias do Nascimento * Kwame Nkrumah * Julius Nyerere * John Nyathi Pokela * Haile Selassie * Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe * Ahmed Sékou Touré * I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson
Others: Molefi Kete Asante * Steve Biko * Edward Wilmot Blyden * John Henrik Clarke * Cheikh Anta Diop * W. E. B. Du Bois * Frantz Fanon * John G. Jackson * Yosef Ben-Jochannan * Maulana Karenga * Fela Kuti * Bob Marley * Malcolm X * Zephania Mothopeng * George Padmore * Motsoko Pheko * Runoko Rashidi * Walter Rodney * Burning Spear * Henry Sylvester-Williams * Stokely Carmichael * Omali Yeshitela
ConceptsUnited States of Africa * Afrocentrism * Kwanzaa * Pan-African colours * Pan-African flag * Négritude * African nationalism * African socialism * African Century * Africanization * Kawaida * Ujamaa * Harambee * Ubuntu * Zikism * Black nationalism
OrganizationsAfrican Union * Organization of African Unity * Uhuru Movement * UNIA-ACL * African Unification Front * International African Service Bureau

African-American Civil Rights Movement

Topics and events
Albany Movement * Birmingham campaign * Black Power * Brown v. Board of Education * Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church * Chicago Open Housing Movement * Civil Rights Act of 1964 * Civil Rights Act of 1968 * Dexter Avenue Baptist Church * Emmett Till * Freedom Riders * Mississippi Freedom Summer * Greensboro sit-ins * Greyhound Bus Station (Montgomery, Alabama) * Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections * Little Rock Nine * March on Washington * Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party * Montgomery Bus Boycott * Nashville sit-ins * Poor People's Campaign * Selma Voting Rights Movement * 1963 16th Street Baptist Church bombing * Twenty-fourth Amendment * Voting Rights Act of 1965
ActivistsRalph Abernathy * Victoria Gray Adams * Ella Baker * James Bevel * Unita Blackwell * Julian Bond * Stokely Carmichael * J.L. Chestnut * Shirley Chisholm * Dorothy Cotton * Claudette Colvin * Vernon Dahmer * Annie Devine * Medgar Evers * Chuck Fager * James Farmer * James Forman * Marie Foster * Prathia Hall * Fannie Lou Hamer * Dorothy Height * Lola Hendricks * Aaron Henry * Myles Horton * T. R. M. Howard * Jesse Jackson * Jimmie Lee Jackson * T.J. Jemison * Judge Frank Johnson * Matthew Jones * Clyde Kennard * A.D. King * Coretta Scott King * Martin Luther King, Jr. * Bernard Lafayette * James Lawson * Bernard Lee * John Lewis * Viola Liuzzo * Z. Alexander Looby * Joseph Lowery * Clara Luper * Malcolm X * Thurgood Marshall * James Meredith * Amzie Moore * Bob Moses * William Moyer * Diane Nash * E. D. Nixon * James Orange * James Peck * Rosa Parks * Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. * Al Raby * A. Philip Randolph * Amelia Boynton Robinson * Bayard Rustin * Charles Sherrod * Fred Shuttlesworth * Modjeska Monteith Simkins * Kelly Miller Smith * Charles Kenzie Steele * C. T. Vivian * Wyatt Tee Walker * Roy Wilkins * Hosea Williams * Judge John Minor Wisdom * Andrew Young * Whitney Young
Activist groupsAlabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) * Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) * Highlander Folk School * Leadership Conference on Civil Rights * Montgomery Improvement Association * National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) * NAACP Youth Council * National Council of Negro Women * National Urban League * Operation Breadbasket * Regional Council of Negro Leadership * Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) * Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) * Women's Political Council
HistoriansTaylor Branch * Clayborne Carson * Michael Eric Dyson * Chuck Fager * Adam Fairclough * David Garrow * David Halberstam * Diane McWhorter

Black Panther Party

Founding membersHuey P. Newton, Bobby Seale
InfluencesBlack Power, Malcolm X, Robert F. Williams, Frantz Fanon, Karl Marx, Communism, Maoism
ProgramsFree Breakfast for Children
Panthers convicted of murderAngola 3, Mumia Abu-Jamal, H. Rap Brown, Warren Kimbro, Lonnie McLucas, Geronimo Pratt, George W. Sams, Jr., Assata Shakur
Panthers killed by policeMark Clark, Fred Hampton, Bobby Hutton, Carl Hampton
Other notable membersAshanti Alston, Richard Aoki, Charles Barron, Elaine Brown, William Lee Brent, Stokely Carmichael, Bunchy Carter, Eldridge Cleaver, Kathleen Neal Cleaver, Angela Davis, Aaron Dixon, Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin, Billy Garland, David Hilliard, George Jackson, Jamal Joseph, Chaka Khan, Robert Hillary King, Pete O'Neal, Larry Pinkney, Malik Rahim, Nile Rodgers, Bobby Rush, Afeni Shakur, Robert Trivers, Mark Essex
OtherNew Black Panther Party

Privacy | Sitemap