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Reg LogoAlsLogo.png
FlagFlag of Alsace.svg
Largest CityStrasbourg
Pop Date2006
LeaderPhilippe Richert (2010-)
Leader PartyUMP

     Home | State | Alsace

Alsace ( -fralzas; Alsatian: Elsàss -gswˈɛlzɔs; , pre-1996: Elsaß, -deˈɛlzasIPA; ) is the fourth-smallest of the 26 regions of France in land area (8,280 km2), and the smallest in metropolitan France. It is also the sixth-most densely populated region in France and third most densely populated region in metropolitan France, with ca. 220 inhabitants per km2 (total population in 2006: 1,815,488; January 1, 2008 estimate: 1,836,000). Alsace is located on France's eastern border and on the west bank of the upper Rhine adjacent to Germany and Switzerland. The political, economic and cultural capital as well as largest city of Alsace is Strasbourg. Due to that city being the seat of dozens of international organizations and bodies, Alsace is politically one of the most important regions in the European Union.

The name "Alsace" derives from the Germanic Ell-sass, meaning "Seated on the Ill", a river in Alsace. The region was historically part of the Holy Roman Empire. It was gradually annexed by France in the 17th century under kings Louis XIII and Louis XIV and made one of the provinces of France. Alsace is frequently mentioned in conjunction with Lorraine, because German possession of parts of these two régions (as the imperial province Alsace-Lorraine, 1871 � 1918) was contested in the 19th and 20th centuries, during which Alsace changed hands four times between France and Germany in 75 years.

Although the historical language of Alsace is Alsatian, a regional German language, today most Alsatians speak French, the official language of the country they have been a part of for most of the past three centuries. About 39% of the adult population, and probably less than 10% of the children, are fluent in Alsatian. There is therefore a substantial bilingual population in contemporary Alsace. The place names used in this article are in French. See this list for the original German place names.

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Rally of France to stay in Alsace - USA Today Tweet this news
USA Today--PARIS (AP) � The French motorsport federation has confirmed that the Rally of France will be held in the northeastern region of -Alsace- for a second ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 12:28:24 GMT+00:00
Sarkozy Alsace Gaffe: The French President's Most Embarrassing Slip-Ups (PHOTOS) - Huffington Post Tweet this news
Huffington Post---...- after mistakenly identifying himself as being "in Germany" while addressing a group of farmers in -Alsace-, part of a French border region. ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 14:58:53 GMT+00:00
EU moves to save hamsters and wolves - euronews Tweet this news
euronews--They risk the full weight of European law, the French for failing to protect the last 200 or so Great -Alsace- Hamsters from extinction, and the Swedes for ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 17:45:37 GMT+00:00
Podcast 21 January 2011: Your nightmare trip, Iceland, Gargano coastline in ... - Reuters Tweet this news
Reuters---...- the beauty of this area in south eastern Italy. -Alsace-: France's Smallest Region - Thomas tells us why we should visit this lovely area of France.--- - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 14:38:44 GMT+00:00
New Flights to Basel Arrive from SWISS - Just the Flight Tweet this news
Just the Flight---...- in Switzerland and enjoy easy access to -Alsace- and Germany's Black Forest due its unique location at the border triangle between all three countries. ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 15:25:03 GMT+00:00
In My Kitchen: Jean-Georges Vongerichten - Wall Street Journal Tweet this news
Wall Street Journal--While the -Alsace--born chef spends most waking hours overseeing his restaurants, we followed him home to see how an expert gastronome lives and eats. ... - Date : Fri, 21 Jan 2011 21:55:37 GMT+00:00
Sarkozy Alsace Gaffe: French President Flubs French Geography - Huffington Post Tweet this news
Huffington Post--The French leader made the slip-up while visiting the disputed area of -Alsace-. According to the Telegraph, he told the farmers: I can accept distortions of ... - Date : Thu, 20 Jan 2011 18:37:43 GMT+00:00
France faces fine for neglecting its Great Hamster - AFP Tweet this news
AFP--BRUSSELS � France is failing in its duty to protect the Great Hamster of -Alsace-, a cute fur-ball facing extinction with fewer than 200 remaining, ... - Date : Thu, 20 Jan 2011 17:15:00 GMT+00:00
Section of Petsch Road vacated by township - Reading Eagle Tweet this news
Reading Eagle--The -Alsace- Township supervisors voted 3-0 Wednesday to vacate a 500-foot section of Petsch Road at the intersection of Bingaman Road. ... - Date : Thu, 20 Jan 2011 05:07:41 GMT+00:00
Are you ready for some (women's) football? - Reading Eagle Tweet this news
Reading Eagle--Cori Young, 24, of -Alsace- Township plays for the semipro Keystone Assault, based in Enola, Cumberland County. By Courtney H. Diener-Stokes Cori Young of the ... - Date : Thu, 20 Jan 2011 05:17:14 GMT+00:00

Timeline :
Year(s) Event Ruled by Official language
5400 � 4500 BC Bandkeramiker/Linear Pottery cultures   - None
2300 � 750 BC Bell Beaker cultures   - None; Proto-Celtic spoken
750 � 450 BC Halstatt early Iron Age culture (early Celts)   - None; Old Celtic spoken
450 � 58 BC Celts/Gauls firmly secured in entire Gaul, Alsace; trade with Greece is evident (Vix) Celts/Gauls None; Gaulish variety of Celtic widely spoken
58 / 44 BC � AD 260 Alsace and Gaul conquered by Caesar, provinciated to Germania Superior Roman Empire Latin; Gallic widely spoken
260 � 274 Postumus founds breakaway Gallic Empire Gallic Empire Latin, Gallic
274 � 286 Rome reconquers the Gallic Empire, Alsace Roman Empire Latin, Germanic (only in Argentoratum)
286 � 378 Diocletian divides the Roman Empire into Western and Eastern sectors Roman Empire
around 300 Beginning of Germanic migrations to the Roman Empire Roman Empire
378 � 395 The Visigoths rebel, precursor to waves of German, and Hun invasions Roman Empire
395 � 436 Death of Theodosius I, causing a permanent division between Western and Eastern Rome Western Roman Empire
436 � 486 Germanic invasions of the Western Roman Empire Roman Tributary of Gaul
486 � 511 Lower Alsace conquered by the Franks Frankish Realm Old Frankish, Latin
531 � 614 Upper Alsace conquered by the Franks Frankish Realm
614 � 795 Totality of Alsace to the Frankish Kingdom Frankish Realm
795 � 814 Charlemagne begins reign, Charlemagne crowned Emperor of the Romans on December 25, 800 Frankish Empire Old Frankish
814 Death of Charlemagne Carolingian Empire Old Frankish, Old High German
847 � 870 Treaty of Verdun gives Alsace and Lotharingia to Lothar I Middle Francia (Carolingian Empire) Frankish, Old High German
870 � 889 Treaty of Mersen gives Alsace to East Francia East Francia (German Kingdom of the Carolingian Empire) Frankish, Old High German
889 � 962 Carolingian Empire breaks up into five Kingdoms, Magyars and Vikings periodically raid Alsace Kingdom of Germany Old High German, Frankish
962 � 1618 Otto I crowned Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Empire Old High German, Modern High German. (Alemannic spoken widely)
1618 � 1674 Louis XIII annexes portions of Alsace during the Thirty Years' War Holy Roman Empire German
1674 � 1871 Louis XIV annexes the rest of Alsace during the Franco-Dutch War, establishing full French sovereignty over the region Kingdom of France Official :French
Alsatian and German tolerated, but strongly suppressed in official circles.
1871 � 1918 Franco-Prussian war causes French cession of Alsace to German Empire German Empire German
1919 � 1940 Treaty of Versailles causes German cession of Alsace to France France French
1940 � 1944 Nazi Germany conquers Alsace Nazi Germany German
1945 � present French control France Official: French.
Alsatian and German strongly suppressed until 1972.

Architecture :

Regions of France

Overseas regions: French Guiana * Guadeloupe * Martinique * Réunion
Lower Normandy
Upper Normandy
Pays de la Loire
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Rhône-Alpes |Overseas regions: French Guiana * Guadeloupe * Martinique * Réunion

FR FR Historic Provinces of France

ProvincesAlsace * Angoumois * Anjou * Artois * Aunis * Auvergne * Basse-Navarre * Béarn * Beaujolais * Berry * Bourbonnais * Burgundy * Brittany * Champagne * Corsica * Dauphiné * Flanders and Hainaut * Pays de Foix * Forez * Franche-Comté * Gascony * Guyenne * Île-de-France * Languedoc * Landau * Limousin * Lorraine * Lyonnais * Maine * Marche * Montbéliard * Mulhouse * Nice * Nivernais * Normandie * Orléanais * Perche * Picardy * Poitou * Provence * Roussillon * Saintonge * Savoy * Touraine * Trois-Évêchés * Comtat Venaissin

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