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Strasbourg Cathedral towering above the Old Town
Full nameStrasbourg
Cantonchief town of 10 cantons
MayorRoland Ries (PS) (2008 2014)
Highest Elevation495.4 ft (151 m)
Lowest Elevation433.1 ft (132 m)
Land Area30.2 sq mi (78.26 km2)
Total Population272975 (7th in France) (2006)
- Density9034.2/sq mi (3488.1/km2)
Urban Area85.7 sq mi (222 km2)
-- Population440264 (2006)
Metro Area521.7 sq mi (1351.5 km2)
Time zoneCET (UTC +1)
Dialling code0388, 0390, 0368


Native NameReichsstadt Straßburg (de)
Ville libre de Strasbourg (fr)
Conventional Long NameImperial City of Strasbourg
Common NameStrasbourg
RegionRhine basin
EraMiddle Ages
EmpireHoly Roman Empire
Government TypeRepublic
Year Start1262
Year End1681
Event PreCity founded
Date Pre12 BC
Event StartAcquired by the Empire
Date Start923
Event1Gained Reichsfreiheit
Date Event11262
Event2Straßburger Revolution
Date Event21332
Event EndAnnexed by France
Event PostAnnexation recognised by
 the Holy Roman Empire
Date Post
P1Duchy of Swabia
S1Early modern France
Flag S1Royal Standard of the Kingdom of France.svg

     Home | City | Strasbourg

Strasbourg (-frstʁazbuʁ; Lower Alsatian: Strossburi, -gswˈʃd̥rɔːsb̥uri; , -deˈʃtʁaːsbʊɐ̯k) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace region in eastern France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located close to the border with Germany, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin département. The city and the region of Alsace are historically German-speaking, explaining the city's Germanic name. In 2006, the city proper had 272,975 inhabitants and its urban community 467,375 inhabitants. With 638,670 inhabitants in 2006, Strasbourg's metropolitan area (aire urbaine) (only the part of the metropolitan area on French territory) is the ninth largest in France. The transnational Eurodistrict Strasbourg-Ortenau has a population of 884,988 inhabitants.

Strasbourg is the seat of several European institutions, such as the Council of Europe (with its European Court of Human Rights, its European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and its European Audiovisual Observatory) and the Eurocorps, as well as the European Parliament and the European Ombudsman of the European Union. The city is the seat of the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine.

Strasbourg's historic city centre, the Grande Île (Grand Island), was classified a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1988, the first time such an honour was placed on an entire city centre. Strasbourg is fused into the Franco-German culture and although violently disputed throughout history, has been a bridge of unity between France and Germany for centuries, especially through the University of Strasbourg, currently the largest in France, and the coexistence of Catholic and Protestant culture.

Economically, Strasbourg is an important centre of manufacturing and engineering, as well as of road, rail, and river communications. The port of Strasbourg is the second largest on the Rhine after Duisburg, Germany. In terms of city rankings, Strasbourg has been ranked third in France and 18th globally for innovation.

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