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Charlemagne

Charlemagne
A coin of Charlemagne with the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG ("Carolus Imperator Augustus")
Personal information
Reign768 814
Coronation25 December 800
PredecessorPepin the Short
SuccessorLouis the Pious
HouseCarolingian
FatherPepin the Short
MotherBertrada of Laon
Date of birthpossibly 742
Place of birthLiège
Date of death28 January 814
Place of deathAachen
Place of burialAachen Cathedral

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Charlemagne ( ; , meaning Charles the Great; possibly 742 - 28 January 814) was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800. This temporarily made him a rival of the Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople. His rule is also associated with the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church. Through his foreign conquests and internal reforms, Charlemagne helped define both Western Europe and the Middle Ages. He is numbered as Charles I in the regnal lists of Germany (where he is known as Karl der Große), the Holy Roman Empire, and France.

The son of King Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, a Frankish queen, he succeeded his father in 768 and co-ruled with his brother Carloman I. The latter got on badly with Charlemagne, but war was prevented by the sudden death of Carloman in 771. Charlemagne continued the policy of his father towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in Italy, and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain, to which he was invited by the Muslim governor of Barcelona. Charlemagne was promised several Iberian cities in return for giving military aid to the governor; however, the deal was withdrawn. Subsequently, Charlemagne's retreating army experienced its worst defeat at the hands of the Basques, at the Battle of Roncesvalles (778) (memorialised, although heavily fictionalised, in the Song of Roland). He also campaigned against the peoples to his east, especially the Saxons, and after a protracted war subjected them to his rule. By forcibly converting them to Christianity, he integrated them into his realm and thus paved the way for the later Ottonian dynasty.

Today he is regarded not only as the founding father of both French and German monarchies, but also as the father of Europe: his empire united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Romans, and the Carolingian renaissance encouraged the formation of a common European identity.

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Madison Believers: Luther Memorial Church melds tradition and liturgy with ... - Isthmus Tweet this news
Isthmus--While touring Luther Memorial Church before being hired, Pastor Franklin Wilson wondered to himself, "Is -Charlemagne- tromping around in here? ... - Date : Thu, 23 Dec 2010 18:06:35 GMT+00:00
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Bulldogs lose to Clarke Central 48-32 and Lamar County 50-33 - Morgan County Citizen Tweet this news
Morgan County Citizen--Ever since the beginning of the season, Morgan County Bulldogs head coach -Charlemagne- Gibbons has emphasized how "young" this team is. ... - Date : Wed, 22 Dec 2010 20:45:34 GMT+00:00
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How could one solitary life have such an impact on us? - Tulsa Beacon Tweet this news
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Charlemagne: Europe and America - The Economist Tweet this news
The Economist--IT IS the biggest, closest and richest friendship in the world, and its most important military alliance. America and Europe account for half of global GDP ... - Date : Thu, 25 Nov 2010 16:30:16 GMT+00:00
Bulldogs wallop Social Circle - Morgan County Citizen Tweet this news
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Regnal titles
Preceded by
Pippin the Short
King of the Franks
768 - 814
with Carloman I 768 - 771
Charles the Younger 800 - 811
Succeeded by
Louis the Pious
VacantEmperor of the Romans
800 - 814
with Louis the Pious 813 - 814
with Irene of Athens (797-802)
Preceded by
Desiderius
King of the Lombards
774 - 814
with Pippin of Italy
as King of Italy 781 - 810
Succeeded by
Bernard of Italy
as King of Italy

Carolingian Kings of the Franks

Carolingians: Pépin (751 768) * Carloman I (768 771) * Charles I (768 814) * Louis I (814 840) * Interregnum (840 843) * Charles II (843 877) * Louis II (877 879) * Louis III (879 882) * Carloman II (879 884) * Charles the Fat (884 888) * Robertian: Eudes (887 898) * Carolingian: Charles III (898 922) * Robertian: Robert I (922 923) * Bosonid: Raoul (923 936) * Carolingians: Louis IV (936 954) * Lothaire (954 986) * Louis V (986 987) * Capetian (Robertian): Hughes (986 987)

Kings of Italy between 476 and 963

Non-dynasticOdoacer (476 493)
OstrogothsTheodoric (493 526) * Athalaric (526 534) * Theodahad (534 536) * Witiges (536 540) * Ildibad (540 541) * Eraric (541) * Totila (541 552) * Teia (552 553)
ByzantinesJustinian I (as Emperor) (553 565)
LombardsAlboin (565 572) * Cleph (572 574) * Interregnum (574 584) * Authari (584 590) * Agilulf (590 616) * Adaloald (616 626) * Arioald (626 636) * Rothari (636-652) * Rodoald (652 653) * Aripert I (653 661) * Godepert (661 662) * Perctarit (661 662) * Grimoald (662 671) * Garibald (671) * Perctarit (671 688) * Cunipert (688 689) * Alahis (689) * Cunipert (689 700) * Liutpert (700 702) * Raginpert (701) * Aripert II (702 712) * Ansprand (712) * Liutprand (712 744) * Hildeprand (744) * Ratchis (744 749) * Aistulf (749 756) * Desiderius (756 774)
CarolingiansCharles I (774 814) * Pepin (781 810) * Bernard (810 818) * Lothair I (818 855) * Louis I (855 875) * Charles II (875 877) * Carloman (877 879) * Charles III (879 887) * Arnulf (896 899) * Ratold (896)
Non-dynastic
(title disputed 887 933)
Unruochings: Berengar I (887 924) * Guideschi: Guy (889 894) * Lambert (891 897) * Welfs: Rudolph (922 933) * Bosonids: Louis II (900 905) * Hugh (926 947) * Lothair II (945 950) * Anscarids: Berengar II (950 963) * Adalbert (950 963)

Holy Roman Emperors

Carolingian EmpireCharles I (Charlemagne) * Louis I * Lothair I * Louis II * Charles II * Charles III * Guy * Lambert * Arnulf * Louis III * Berengar
Holy Roman EmpireOtto I * Otto II * Otto III * Henry II * Conrad II * Henry III * Henry IV * Henry V * Lothair II * Frederick I * Henry VI * Otto IV * Frederick II * Henry VII * Louis IV * Charles IV * Sigismund * Frederick III * Maximilian I * Charles V * Ferdinand I * Maximilian II * Rudolph II * Matthias * Ferdinand II * Ferdinand III * Leopold I * Joseph I * Charles VI * Charles VII * Francis I * Joseph II * Leopold II * Francis II



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