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General information
Common nameAbkhazia
Local name  / Apsny (Abkhaz)
Абхазия / Abkhaziya (Russian)
აფხაზეთი / Apkhazeti (Georgian)
Name  / Apsny (Abkhaz)
Абхазия / Abkhaziya (Russian)
აფხაზეთი / Apkhazeti (Georgian)
Largest citycapital
Official languagesAccording to the constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia:
Georgian and Abkhaz
According to the constitution of the Republic of Abkhazia:
Abkhaz and Russian1
Non-official languagesHomshetsi, Mingrelian, Georgian
DemonymAbkhaz, Abkhazian
GovernmentUnitary republic
PresidentSergei Bagapsh
Vice PresidentAlexander Ankvab
Prime MinisterSergei Shamba
Partially recognised independence from Georgia and the Soviet UnionPartially recognised independence from Georgia and the Soviet Union
Georgian annulment of all Soviet-era laws and treaties20 June 1990
Declaration of sovereignty225 August 1990
Union treaty referendum1991
Dissolution of Soviet Union26 December 1991
Reinstatement of 1925 Constitution23 July 1992
New Constitution26 November 1994
Retro-actively declared date of independence30 September 1993
Act of state independence312 October 1999
First international recognition426 August 2008
Population Est.Between 157,000 and 190,0005
Population census216000 (2003)
Density (pop.)29/km2 (75.1/sq mi)
Other information
CurrencyAbkhazian apsar, Russian ruble7 (RUB)
Time zoneMSK (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+7-840,940; +995-44

     Home | Country | Abkhazia

Abkhazia ( Apsny, Apkhazeti, Megrelian: აბჟუა Abzhua, Abkhazia) is a political entity on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus whose status is disputed. It considers itself an independent state (the Republic of Abkhazia). This is recognised by United Nations member states Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru, and also by South Ossetia and Transnistria.

The Georgian government and the majority of the world's governments consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic ( , apkhazetis avt'onomiuri resp'ublik'a, Abkhaz: , Apsnitwi Avtonomtwi Respublika), whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi. On 28 August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia a "Russian-occupied territory".

The status of Abkhazia is a central issue of the Georgian � Abkhazian conflict. The wider region formed part of the Soviet Union until 1991. As the Soviet Union began to disintegrate towards the end of the 1980s, ethnic tensions grew between Abkhaz and Georgians over Georgia's moves towards independence. This led to the 1992 � 1993 War in Abkhazia that resulted in a Georgian military defeat, de facto independence of Abkhazia and the mass exodus and ethnic cleansing of the Georgian population from Abkhazia. In spite of the 1994 ceasefire agreement and years of negotiations, the status dispute has not been resolved, and despite the long-term presence of a United Nations monitoring force and a Russian-dominated CIS peacekeeping operation, the conflict has flared up on several occasions. In August 2008, the sides again fought during the South Ossetia War, which was followed by the formal recognition of Abkhazia by Russia, the annulment of the 1994 cease fire agreement and the termination of the UN and CIS missions.

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