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Georgia (country)

General information
Common nameGeorgia (country)
Local name 
MottoDzala ertobashia (ძალა ერთობაშია)
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
AnthemTavisupleba (თავისუფლება)
(English:  )
Largest citycapital
Official languagesGeorgian
Other languages71% Georgian
titlestyle=font-weight:normal; background:transparent; text-align:left;
title=71% Georgian
9% Russian
7% Armenian
6% Azeri
7% others.

Ethnic groups83.8% Georgian,
6.5% Azeri,
5.7% Armenian,
1.5% Russian,
2.5% others (2002)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentMikheil Saakashvili
Prime MinisterNikoloz Gilauri
Modern StatehoodModern Statehood
Independence from Russian EmpireMay 26, 1918
Independence from the Soviet Union Declared
April 9, 1991
December 25, 1991
Total Area26911 sq mi (69699.5 km2) (120th)
Population Est.4636400 (121st)
Density (pop.)63.4/km2 (144th) (164.2/sq mi)
GDP PPP$22.443 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$5,114
GDP (nominal)$11.665 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,658
Other information
HDI(+) 0.698 (2010) (high) (74th)
CurrencyLari (ლ) (GEL)
Time zoneUTC (UTC+4)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code995

     Home | Country | Georgia

Georgia c-enaudio=en-us-Georgia.oggˈdʒɔrdʒə ( , sak’art’velo -ka sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔIPASakartvelo is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the southwest by Turkey, to the south by Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The Capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km2 and its population is almost 4.7 million. Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

During the classical era independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia. The kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia adopted Christianity in the early 4th century. A unified Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 11th 12th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire. After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1921, becoming the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. After independence in 1991, post-communist Georgia suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis for most of the 1990s. This lasted until the Rose Revolution of 2003, after which the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.

Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 South Ossetia war between Georgia and Russia. Georgia still considers the regions to be part of its sovereign territory.

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