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United States Army

US Army
Department of the Army Emblem
Military unit
Unit nameDepartment of the Army
United States Army
Founded14 June 1775 � present
CountryUnited States
AllegianceUnited States
Size561,984 Active personnel
567,299 Reserve and National Guard personnel
Part ofDepartment of War
(1789 � 1947)
Department of the Army
(1947 � present)
Motto"This We'll Defend"
EngagementsRevolutionary War
Indian Wars
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Utah War
American Civil War
Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
Banana Wars
Boxer Rebellion
Border War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Panama War
Gulf War
Somali Civil War
Kosovo War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
SecretaryHon. John M. McHugh
Chief of StaffGEN Raymond T. Odierno
Vice Chief of StaffGEN Peter W. Chiarelli
Sergeant MajorSMA Raymond F. Chandler

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The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services. The modern army has its roots in the Continental Army which was formed on 14 June 1775, before the establishment of the United States, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War. The Congress of the Confederation officially created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 after the end of the Revolutionary War to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The army considers itself to be descended from the Continental Army and thus dates its inception from the origins of that force.

The primary mission of the army is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities ... in support of the National Security and Defense Strategies." The Army is a military service within the Department of the Army, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense. The army is headed by the Secretary of the Army, and the top military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff of the Army. The highest ranking army officer is currently the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During fiscal year 2010, the Regular Army reported a strength of 561,979 soldiers; the Army National Guard (ARNG) reported 362,015 and the United States Army Reserve (USAR) reported 205,281 putting the combined component strength total at 1,129,275 soldiers.

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