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Warsaw Pact

Warsaw Pact
Conventional Long NameWarsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance
Common NameWarsaw Pact
ContinentAsia and Europe
StatusMilitary alliance
EraCold War
S1Collective Security Treaty Organisation
Year Start1955
Date Start14 May
Year End1991
Date End1 July
Event1Hungarian crisis
Date Event14 November 1956
Event2Czechoslovakian crisis
Date Event221 August 1968
Event3German reunification2
Date Event33 October 1990
Image Map CaptionMember states: Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany2, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania.
Common LanguagesRussian, Polish, German, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Albanian
Title LeaderSupreme Commander
Leader1Ivan Konev
Year Leader11955 � 60 (first)
Leader2Petr Lushev
Year Leader21989 � 91 (last)
Title DeputyHead of Unified Staff
Deputy1Aleksei Antonov
Year Deputy11955 � 62 (first)
Deputy2Vladimir Lobov
Year Deputy21989 � 90 (last)

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The Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance (1955 � 1991), or more commonly referred to as the Warsaw Pact, was a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe. It was established at the Soviet Union's initiative and realized on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw.

In the Communist Bloc, the treaty was the military analogue of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the communist (East) European economic community. The Warsaw Pact was the Soviet Bloc’s military response to West Germany’s May 1955 integration to the NATO Pact, per the Paris Pacts of 1954.

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