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Northwest Territory

Northwest Territory
Conventional Long NameTerritory Northwest of the River Ohio
Common NameNorthwest Territory
Nationthe United States
SubdivisionOrganized incorporated territory
Event StartNorthwest Ordinance
Date StartJuly 13
Year Start1787
Event EndStatehood of Ohio
Year End1803
Date EndMarch 1
Event1Affirmed by Congress
Date Event1August 7, 1789
Event2Indiana Territory created
Date Event2May 7, 1800
P1Indian Reserve (1763)
Flag P1British-Red-Ensign-1707.svg
Flag S1Flag of Ohio.svg
S2Indiana Territory
Flag S2Flag of Indiana.svg
S3US territories
Flag S3US flag 15 stars.svg
Image FlagUS flag 13 stars.svg
Government TypeOrganized incorporated territory
Title LeaderGovernor
Leader1Arthur St. Clair
Year Leader11787-1802
Leader2Charles Willing Byrd
Year Leader21803

     Home | Former Subdivision | Northwest Territory

The Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, more commonly known as the Northwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 13, 1787, until March 1, 1803, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Ohio. Previously, it was part of the Indian Reserve, a territory under British rule set aside in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 for use by American Indians, which was assigned to the United States in the Treaty of Paris (1783).

The Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 to provide for the administration of the territories and set rules for admission as a state. On August 7, 1789, the new U.S. Congress affirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution. The territory included all the land of the United States west of Pennsylvania and northwest of the Ohio River. It covered all of the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin, as well as the northeastern part of Minnesota. The area covered more than 260000 sqmi (673396908687 m2).

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