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US State
NicknameThe Hoosier State
MottoThe Crossroads of America
Official languagesEnglish
Spoken languagesGeneral American English, Midwestern and
Southern English Dialects,
Other Languages
Largest citycapital
Largest metro areaIndianapolis metropolitan area
Area Ranked38th
Total36418 sq mi 94321 km2
Width140 mi 225 km
Length270 mi 435 km
% water1.5
Pop. Rank15th
Density181 /sq mi 69.79 /km2
Highest pointHoosier Hill
Franklin Township,
Wayne County

1257 ft 383 m
Mean689 ft 210 m
Lowest pointOhio River and mouth
of Wabash River
Point Township,
Posey County

320 ft 98 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
GovernorMitchell E. Daniels, Jr. (R)
Lieutenant GovernorBecky Skillman (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsRichard Lugar (R)
Dan Coats (R)
U.S. House delegation6 Republicans,
3 Democrats
- 80 counties - Eastern UTC-5/-4
- 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
For more information,
see Time in Indiana
- Central: UTC-6/-5
Time zoneEastern UTC-5/-4

     Home | State | Indiana

Indiana c-enaudio=en-us-Indiana.oggɪndiˈænə is a US state, admitted to the United States as the 19th on December 11, 1816. It is located in the Midwestern United States and Great Lakes Region. With 6,483,802 residents, the state is ranked 15th in population and 16th in population density. Indiana is ranked 38th in land area and is the smallest state in the continental US west of the Appalachian Mountains. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis, the second largest of any state capital and largest state capital east of the Mississippi River.

Before it became a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved ancient earthwork mound sites in the United States, can be found in Southwestern Indiana near Evansville.

Residents of Indiana are known as Hoosiers. The derivation of the term is disputed, but one hypothesis has "Hoosier" originating from a frontier greeting, a corruption of "Who's here?" The state's name means "Land of the Indians," or simply "Indian Land." This name dates back to at least the 1760s but was first applied to the region by the United States Congress when the Indiana Territory was incorporated in 1800, separating it from the Northwest Territory.

Today, Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $214 billion in 2005. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to several major sports teams and athletic events including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts, the NBA's Indiana Pacers, the WNBA’s Indiana Fever, and the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races. The state also has several NCAA Division I athletic programs, notably the Indiana Hoosiers, Purdue Boilermakers, Notre Dame Fighting Irish, and Butler Bulldogs.

Furthermore, the state has several universities ranked among the best in U.S. News & World Report's 2011 rankings. Indiana University, Purdue University, and the University of Notre Dame are ranked among the top 50 in the National Universities Rankings, while Butler University, Valparaiso University and the University of Evansville are ranked among the top 10 in the Regional University Midwest Rankings. Additionally, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology has been rated the best undergraduate engineering program by the magazine since the year 2000.

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