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US State
NicknameLand of Lincoln; The Prairie State
MottoState sovereignty, national union
Official languagesEnglish
Spoken languagesEnglish (80.8%)
Spanish (10.9%)
Polish (1.6%)
Other (6.7%)
Largest cityChicago
Largest metro areaChicago metropolitan area
Area Ranked25th
Total57914 sq mi 149998 km2
Width210 mi 340 km
Length395 mi 629 km
% water4.0/ Negligible
Pop. Rank5th
Total12,830,632 (2010)
Density223.4 /sq mi 86.27 /km2
Median income$54,124 (17)
Highest pointCharles Mound
1235 ft 377 m
Mean600 ft 182 m
Lowest pointMississippi River
279 ft 85 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 3, 1818 (21st)
GovernorPat Quinn (D)
Lieutenant GovernorSheila Simon (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsDick Durbin (D)
Mark Kirk (R)
U.S. House delegation11 Republicans, 8 Democrats
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

     Home | State | Illinois

Illinois (c-enaudio=en-us-Illinois is the fifth-most populous state of the United States of America, and is often noted for being a microcosm of the entire country. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a broad economic base. Illinois is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes, via the St. Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois River. For decades, O'Hare International Airport has ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. As the "most average state", Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and politics.

In the 1810s, settlers began arriving from Kentucky. In 1818 Illinois achieved statehood. The state's population originally grew from south to north. Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River, one of the few natural harbors on southern Lake Michigan. Railroads and John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois' rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmlands, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars. The Great Migration established a large community of African Americans in Chicago that created the city's famous jazz and blues cultures.

Three U.S. Presidents have been elected while living in Illinois - Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, President Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President actually born and raised in Illinois. Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan, Land of Lincoln, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1954.

Illinois Video
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Illini coaches like Nathan Scheelhaase's development - Chicago Sun-Times Tweet this news
Chicago Sun-Times---Illinois- quarterback Nathan Scheelhaase (2) carries the ball during the -Illinois- spring football game at Memorial Stadium in Champaign on Saturday, April 23, 2011. ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 03:34:37 GMT+00:00
Contaminates Found in Thousands of Cucumbers, Recalled - WIFR Tweet this news
WIFR--Spokespeople with L & M Companies that sell the product at whole food stores in -Illinois- says there product is safe. However, federal inspectors found contaminates on cucumbers in Florida. Still no word on whether the vegetables are sold i - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 00:43:38 GMT+00:00
Police Searching For Missing Woman With Kenosha Ties - WISN Milwaukee Tweet this news
WISN Milwaukee--Her most recent address is in Round Lake Park, -Illinois-. The mother of two teenagers went grocery shopping the day she disappeared and dropped one of her daughter's off at an apartment complex. Her car was last seen on surveillance - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 00:03:07 GMT+00:00
White Team Wins Eastern Illinois Spring Game - Tweet this news, Ill. - Two interceptions by the defense including a 37-yard touchdown return by Artavious Dowdell were more than enough to help the White team collect a 37-21 victory over the Blue team as Eastern -Illinois- played its spring - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 23:45:05 GMT+00:00
Southern Illinois Beats Bluejays 3-2 - WOWT Tweet this news
WOWT--The Salukis (14-24, 5-3) struck first, scoring twice in the second inning. A lead-off single by Brock Harding was followed by Nick Johnson's fourth home run of the season. SIU added another run in the third. Chris Murphy led off with a double, - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 23:43:12 GMT+00:00
Lady Govs drop finale to Eastern Illinois - Clarksville Leaf Chronicle Tweet this news
Clarksville Leaf Chronicle--Austin Peay gave up two big innings to OVC leader Eastern -Illinois- on Saturday at Cheryl Holt Field to drop the rubber game of a three-game series, losing 11-2. It was the third inning when Austin Peay (11-35, 6-18 OVC) saw t - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 10:15:07 GMT+00:00
Green Bay Sen. Dave Hansen reflects on budget repair bill actions - Green Bay Press Gazette Tweet this news
Green Bay Press Gazette--Hansen doesn't regret his decision to go to -Illinois- to foil the Republicans' attempt to pass a budget-repair bill, even if it means facing a recall election. / H. Marc Larson/Press-Gazette On the night of Feb. 16, the - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 09:08:48 GMT+00:00
Excessive rainfall likely over southeast illinois - WJBD Online Tweet this news
WJBD Online--...flash flood watch now in effect through tuesday morning... the flash flood watch is now in effect for * portions of east central -illinois- and southeast -illinois-... including the following east central -illinois-... clark and - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 08:35:32 GMT+00:00
Illinois offense shines in spring game - Chicago Tribune Tweet this news
Chicago Tribune--CHAMPAIGN - Ryan Lankford caught six catches for 129 yards last season, but it wasn't until this spring that he felt truly involved in the offense. “The spring has been great,” he said. “I feel great about it. ... - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 20:59:45 GMT+00:00
Southwestern Illinois man admits threatening family with mailed substance - The Republic Tweet this news
The Republic--LOUIS, Ill. A southwestern -Illinois- man faces up to 15 years in federal prison now that he's pleaded guilty to charges that he threatened a family with a mailed white substance and a letter saying they should seek immediate medical - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 19:25:28 GMT+00:00

Climate : Civil War
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Cairo 41/25 47/29 57/39 69/50 77/58 86/67 90/71 88/69 81/61 71/49 57/39 46/30
Chicago 30/16 36/21 47/30 59/40 71/51 81/61 85/65 83/65 75/57 64/45 48/34 36/22
Edwardsville 36/19 42/24 52/34 64/45 75/55 84/64 89/69 86/66 79/58 68/46 53/35 41/25
Moline 30/12 36/18 48/29 62/39 73/50 83/60 86/64 84/62 76/53 64/42 48/30 34/18
Peoria 31/14 37/20 49/30 62/40 73/51 82/60 86/65 84/63 77/54 64/42 49/31 36/20
Rockford 27/11 33/16 46/27 59/37 71/48 80/58 83/63 81/61 74/52 62/40 46/29 32/17
Springfield 33/17 39/22 51/32 63/42 74/53 83/62 86/66 84/64 78/55 67/44 51/34 38/23

Climate : Civil War
Rank City Population County


(State Capital)
1 Chicago 2,695,598 Cook, DuPage
2 Aurora 197,899 DuPage Kane Kendall Will
3 Rockford 152,871 Winnebago
4 Joliet 147,433 Will
5 Naperville 141,853 DuPage, Will
6 Springfield 117,352 Sangamon
7 Peoria 115,007 Peoria
8 Elgin 108,188 Cook, Kane
based on 2010 U.S. Census

Current statewide political officials of Illinois

U.S. SenatorsDick Durbin * Roland Burris
State governmentPat Quinn, Governor * (vacant), Lieutenant Governor * Lisa Madigan, Attorney General * Jesse White, Secretary of State * Daniel Hynes, Comptroller * Alexi Giannoulias, Treasurer
SenateJohn Cullerton, President * James Clayborne, Jr., Majority Leader * Christine Radogno, Minority Leader
HouseMichael Madigan, Speaker * Barbara Flynn Currie, Majority Leader * Tom Cross, Minority Leader
Supreme CourtThomas R. Fitzgerald, Chief Justice * Charles E. Freeman * Robert R. Thomas * Thomas L. Kilbride * Rita B. Garman * Lloyd A. Karmeier * Anne M. Burke

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