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Indiana Territory

Indiana Territory
Conventional Long NameTerritory of Indiana
Common NameIndiana Territory
Nationthe United States
SubdivisionOrganized incorporated territory
Date StartJuly 4
Year Start1800
Event EndGranted Statehood
Year End1816
Date EndNovember 7
Event1Treaty of Grouseland signed
Date Event1March, 1805
Event2Michigan Territory created
Date Event2June 30, 1805
Event3Representation in Congress
Date Event3Dec. 12, 1805
Event4Illinois Territory created
- Treaty of Fort Wayne
- Legislature popularly elected
- Tecumseh's War
- War of 1812
- Constitution drafted & adopted
Date Event4March 1, 1809
Sept. 30, 1809
Nov. 1809
1811 - 1812
1812 - 1814
June 1816
P1Northwest Territory
Flag P1US flag 15 stars.svg
Flag S1Flag of Indiana.svg
S2Michigan Territory
Flag S2US flag 15 stars.svg
S3Illinois Territory
Flag S3US flag 15 stars.svg
Image FlagUS flag 15 stars.svg
Stat Pop12632
Stat Year11800
Stat Pop224,520
Stat Year21810
Stat Pop363897
Stat Year31816
CapitalVincennes (1800 - 1813)
Corydon (1813 - 1816)
Government TypeOrganized incorporated territory
Title LeaderGovernor
Leader1William Henry Harrison
Year Leader11800-1812
Leader2Thomas Posey
Year Leader21813-1816
Title DeputySecretary
Deputy1John Gibson
Year Deputy11800-1816

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The Territory of Indiana was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1800, until November 7, 1816, when the southern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Indiana.

The Indiana Territory was created by an Act of Congress and signed into law by President John Adams on May 7, 1800, effective on July 4. It was the first new territory created from lands of the Northwest Territory, which had been organized in 1787 by the Northwest Ordinance. The territory originally contained approximately 259,824 square miles (430,000 km2) of land, but twice decreased in size as it was further subdivided into new territories.

The territory was first governed by William Henry Harrison who oversaw the negotiation with the native inhabitant to open up large parts of the territory to settlement. In 1810 a popularly elected government was established as the territory continued grow in population and develop a very basic road network, government, and education system. At the outbreak of Tecumseh's War, the territory was on the front line of battle and Harrison led a military force in the opening hostilities at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and then in the subsequent invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. Thomas Posey was appointed to the vacant governorship, but the opposition party, led by Congressman Jonathan Jennings, had dominance in the territorial affairs for its remaining years and began pressing for statehood. In June 1816, a constitutional convention was held and a state government was formed. The territory was dissolved on November 7, 1816, by an act of Congress granting statehood to Indiana.

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