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Haiti

Haiti
General information
Common nameHaiti
Local name 
 
Name 
 
MottoLiberté, Égalité, Fraternité
AnthemLa Dessalinienne
The Dessalines Song
CapitalPort-au-Prince
Largest citycapital
Official languagesFrench, Haitian Creole
Ethnic groups95% black, 5% mulatto and white
DemonymHaitian
Government
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
PresidentMichel Martelly
Prime MinisterGarry Conille
FormationFormation
French colony declared
(Treaty of Ryswick)
30 October 1697
Independence declared1 January 1804
Independence recognized from France17 April 1825
Geography
Total Area10714 sq mi (27749.3 km2) (140th)
Water %0.7
Demography
Population Est.9,719,932 (87th)
Density (pop.)350.2/km2 (907.22/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$11.477 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,164
GDP (nominal)$6.632 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$673
Other information
Gini59.2 (2001) (very high)
HDI(-) 0.404 (2010) (low) (145th)
CurrencyGourde (HTG)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.ht
Calling code509

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Haiti c-enaudio=En-us-Haiti.oggˈheɪti (French Haïti -fra.iti; Haitian Creole Ayiti -htajiti), officially the Republic of Haiti ( ; ), is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2680 m (8792.7 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27750 km2 (10714.3 sqmi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince. Haitian Creole and French are the official languages.

Haiti's regional, historical, and ethno-linguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America and the first black-led republic in the world when it gained independence as part of a successful slave revolution in 1804. Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Americas (along with Canada) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France.

Haiti is the poorest country in the Americas as per the Human Development Index. It has experienced political violence throughout its history. Most recently, in February 2004, an armed rebellion forced the resignation and exile of previous President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and a provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Michel Martelly, the current president, was elected in the Haitian general election, 2011.

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti and devastated Port-au-Prince on January 12, 2010. Although the exact number was difficult to determine, the highest reliable death count was estimated at 220,000. Haitian government estimates were higher. The Presidential palace, Parliament and many other important structures were destroyed, along with countless homes and businesses, leaving many homeless. Due to its severity, the country has yet to recover from this and subsequent disasters.

Haiti Video

Recorded on February 1st, 2010, in the same studio as the original 25 years earlier (Henson Recording Studios, formerly A&M Recording Studios) "We Are The Wo...
8.55 min. | 4.79 user rating
Este video fue llevado a ustedes de parte de la Fundación We Are The World. Fue creado con un propósito: recaudar fondos para el desvastador terremoto de Hai...
7.55 min. | 4.84 user rating
Music video by Young Artists For Haiti performing Wavin' Flag. (C) 2010 Universal Music Canada Inc.
4.25 min. | 4.93 user rating
En las entrañas del campamento más peligroso de Haití, los reporteros de El Universal realizan una muy buena investigación periodística. Video: Agencia de El...
5.70 min. | 3.92 user rating
MIRACLE BABY PART #2 YOU GET TO SEE HOW THE BABY WAS SAVED AFTER BEEING DROP FOR DEAD BY THE NOTHER IN A "LATRINE" IN HAITI. IT IS HEARTBREAKING.
4.13 min. | 3.76 user rating
From the benefit compilation, "Download to Donate for Haiti," presented by Music for Relief. Go to MusicForRelief.org to download the album, fea...
4.38 min. | 4.92 user rating
http://www.cbc.ca/q K'naan was Q's special 'Wednesday Live' guest recently. He was promoting his new LP 'Troubadour'. He sat down for an interview and perfor...
5.10 min. | 4.84 user rating
Put # and then your city and country/state in your comment so I know where you're from. #Seattle, Washington Download the video to your computer/tablet/phone...
4.88 min. | 4.92 user rating
Read the description before comment! Watch this related video until end, The video of "UFO HAITI" is original from...... this video http://www.youtube.com/wa...
0.27 min. | 0 user rating
THIS IS THE OFFICIAL THEME SONG FOR WC 2010!!! WEBSITE LINK: www.italianheattv.webs.com Ignore Tags: Equipes Participante do Campeonato Brasileiro 2009 Série...
4.28 min. | 4.92 user rating

Latest News : Haiti : Tweet this RSS

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Deportees from US face bleak prospects in Haiti - Los Angeles Times Tweet this news
Los Angeles Times--After the catastrophic 2010 earthquake in -Haiti-, the US suspended deportations. The practice resumed three months ago, to the outcry of human rights activists and -Haitian- government protests. By Allyn Gaestel, Los Angeles Times Dump - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 04:24:14 GMT+00:00
Housing for Haitians remains precarious - Tampabay.com Tweet this news
Tampabay.com--PORT-AU-PRINCE, -Haiti- The way Robert Darvin sees it, he is one of the lucky ones. After being evicted from a tent camp a few months ago, he, his wife and their three children crammed into a rebuilt home the size of a small U-Haul trailer - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 00:01:47 GMT+00:00
In Haiti: As a world crumbles, faith survives - Richmond Times Dispatch Tweet this news
Richmond Times Dispatch--By Times-Dispatch Staff If ever there existed a place where you'd expect people to give up their faith, to turn their backs on a God who'd so obviously turned his or her back on them, it'd be -Haiti-. Natural disast - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 04:06:13 GMT+00:00
Haiti - Elections : Details about the frauds of the legislative elections ... - Haitilibre.com Tweet this news
Haitilibre.com--As a partner invited by the -Haitian- Government to support and participate in the electoral process, the United States calls upon the Government of -Haiti- and the CEP to provide a thorough, public explanation for the reversals in these 1 - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 01:09:44 GMT+00:00
MSU student, 2 others bike across US for Haiti - Myrtle Beach Sun News Tweet this news
Myrtle Beach Sun News--Michigan State University student Kyle Martin is continuing his long connection to -Haiti- with a cross-country bicycle trip to raise money for the Caribbean nation as it recovers from a devastating earthquake. The East Lansing scho - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 08:11:07 GMT+00:00
3 Mini runners look to raise $100K for Haiti - Indianapolis Star Tweet this news
Indianapolis Star--Photo provided by Mark Wilkerson -Haitian- children are still struggling more than a year after an earthquake destroyed much of their homeland. Wilkerson is joining two others at the Mini in an effort to raise $100000. / Photo provided - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 05:59:34 GMT+00:00
St. Cecilia School reaches out to Haiti mission - The Daily Advertiser Tweet this news
The Daily Advertiser--Fourth-graders at St. Cecilia school in Broussard pose with around 230 backpacks filled with school supplies to be delivered to Fr. Glenn Meaux's office in Abbeville as a staging area before sending them on to Meaux's missi - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 07:54:33 GMT+00:00
UN Questions Legitimacy of Haitian Legislative Elections - Voice of America Tweet this news
Voice of America--The United Nations and -Haiti's- major donor nations, including the United States, are questioning whether there was fraud in the final results of legislative elections. The final voting results announced this week showed that the g - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 18:09:30 GMT+00:00
Forgetting New Orleans? - The Snapper Tweet this news
The Snapper--By Admin on April 23, 2011 With the recent news stories being focused on the prominent topic of natural disasters, specifically in Japan and -Haiti-, I was left questioning: whatever happened to New Orleans? How is the process of rebuilding w - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 21:13:32 GMT+00:00
EGHS senior heads to Haiti - Patch.com Tweet this news
Patch.com---...- Caitlin is traveling to -Haiti- for eight days with her senior project mentor, Boston photographer Barbara Peacock, and others to take pictures and teach art classes. When asked by Peacock to go on the trip, she jumped at the opportunity. - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 17:19:36 GMT+00:00

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Artibonite Department* Dessalines Arrondissement: * Desdunes * Dessalines * Grande Saline * Petite Rivière de l'Artibonite * Gonaïves Arrondissement: * Ennery * Estère * Gonaïves * Gros Morne Arrondissement * Anse Rouge * Gros-Morne * Terre-Neuve * Marmelade Arrondissement: * Marmelade * Saint Michel de l'Attalaye * Saint-Marc Arrondissement: * La Chapelle * Saint-Marc * Verrettes
Centre Department* Cerca La Source Arrondissement: * Cerca La Source * Thomassique * Hinche Arrondissement: * Cerca-Cavajal * Hinche * Maïssade * Thomonde * Lascahobas Arrondissement: * Belladère * Lascahobas * Savanette * Mirebalais Arrondissement: * Boucan-Carré * Mirebalais * Saut-d'Eau
Grand'Anse Department* Anse d'Hainault Arrondissement: * Anse d'Hainaul * Dame-Marie * Les Irois * Corail Arrondissement: * Beaumont * Corail * Pestel * Roseaux * Jérémie Arrondissement: * Abricots * Bonbon * Chambellan * Jérémie * Moron
Nippes Department* Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement: * Anse-à-Veau * L'Asile * Baradères * Petit Trou de Nippes * Miragoâne Arrondissement: * Miragoâne * Petite-Rivière-de-Nippes
Nord Department* Acul du Nord Arrondissement: * Acul-du-Nord * Milot * Plaine-du-Nord * Borgne Arrondissement: * Borgne * Port-Margot * Cap-Haïtien Arrondissement: * Cap-Haïtien * Limonade * Quartier-Morin * Grande-Rivière-du-Nord Arrondissement: * Bahon * Grande-Rivière-du-Nord * Limbé Arrondissement: * Bas-Limbé * Limbé * Plaissance Arrondissement: * Pilate * Plaisance * Saint-Raphaël Arrondissement * Dondon * La Victoire * Pignon * Ranquitte * Saint-Raphaël
Nord-Est Department* Fort-Liberté Arrondissement: * Fort-Liberté * Perches * Ferrier * Ouanaminthe Arrondissement: * Capotille * Mont-Organisé * Ouanaminthe * Trou du Nord Arrondissement: * Caracol * Sainte Suzanne * Terrier-Rouge * Trou-du-Nord * Vallières Arrondissement: * Carice * Mombin-Crochu * Vallières
Nord-Ouest Department* Môle Saint Nicholas Arrondissement: * Baie-de-Henne * Bombardopolis * Jean-Rabel * Môle Saint-Nicolas * Port-de-Paix Arrondissement: * Bassin-Bleu * Chansolme * La Tortue * Port-de-Paix * Saint-Louis du Nord Arrondissement: * Anse-à-Foleur * Saint-Louis-du-Nord
Ouest Department* Arcahaie Arrondissement: * Arcahaie * Cabaret * Croix-des-Bouquets Arrondissement: * Cornillon * Croix-des-Bouquets * Fonds-Verrettes * Ganthier * Thomazeau * La Gonave Arrondissement: * Anse-à-Galets * Pointe-à-Raquette * Léogâne Arrondissement: * Grand-Goâve * Léogâne * Petit-Goâve * Port-au-Prince Arrondissement: * Carrefour * Delmas * Gressier * Kenscoff * Pétionville * Tabarre * Cité Soleil * Port-au-Prince
Sud-Est Department* Bainet Arrondissement: * Bainet * Côtes-de-Fer * Belle-Anse Arrondissement: * Anse-à-Pitres * Belle-Anse * Grand-Gosier * Thiotte * Jacmel Arrondissement: * Cayes-Jacmel * Jacmel * La Vallée * Marigot
Sud Department* Aquin Arrondissement: * Aquin * Cavaellon * Saint-Louis-du-Sud * Les Cayes Arrondissement: * Camp-Perrin * Les Cayes * Chantal * Île à Vache * Maniche * Torbeck * Chardonnières Arrondissement: * Les Anglais * Chardonnières * Tiburon * Côteaux Arrondissement: * Côteaux * Port-à-Piment * Roche-à-Bateaux * Port-Salut Arrondissement: * Arniquet * Port-Salut * Saint-Jean-du-Sud

Countries and dependencies of North America

Sovereign states
Antigua and Barbuda * Bahamas * Barbados * Belize * Canada * Costa Rica * Cuba * Dominica * Dominican Republic * El Salvador * France (Guadeloupe * Martinique) * Grenada * Guatemala * Haiti * Honduras * Jamaica * Mexico * Nicaragua * Panama * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Trinidad and Tobago * United States
Dependencies
DenmarkGreenland
FranceSt. Barthélemy * St. Martin * St. Pierre and Miquelon * Clipperton
NetherlandsAruba * Netherlands Antilles
United KingdomAnguilla * Bermuda * British Virgin Islands * Cayman Islands * Montserrat * Turks and Caicos Islands
United StatesNavassa Island * Petrel Islands * Puerto Rico * Serranilla Bank * U.S. Virgin Islands

Organization of American States (OAS)

Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Barbados * Brazil * Belize * Bahamas * Bolivia * Costa Rica * Cuba * Canada * Dominica * Dominican Republic * Ecuador * El Salvador * Grenada * Guatemala * Guyana * Haiti * Honduras * Jamaica * Mexico * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * St. Kitts and Nevis * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago * United States * Uruguay * Venezuela

Latin Union

Member nationsAndorra * Angola * Bolivia * Brazil * Cape Verde * Chile * Colombia * Costa Rica * Côte d'Ivoire * Cuba * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * El Salvador * France * Guatemala * Guinea-Bissau * Haiti * Honduras * Italy * Mexico * Moldova * Monaco * Mozambique * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Portugal * Romania * San Marino * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Spain * Uruguay * Venezuela
Permanent observersArgentina * Holy See * Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Official languagesCatalan * French * Italian * Portuguese * Romanian * Spanish

Member states and observers of the Francophonie

MembersAlbania * Andorra * Armenia * Belgium (French Community) * Benin * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada (New Brunswick * Quebec) * Cape Verde * Central African Republic * Chad * Comoros * Cyprusup|1 * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Côte d'Ivoire * Djibouti * Dominica * Egypt * Equatorial Guinea * France (French Guiana * Guadeloupe * Martinique * St. Pierre and Miquelon) * Gabon * Ghanaup|1 * Greece * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Haiti * Laos * Luxembourg * Lebanon * Macedoniaup|2 * Madagascar * Mali * Mauritania * Mauritius * Moldova * Monaco * Morocco * Niger * Romania * Rwanda * St. Lucia * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Seychelles * Switzerland * Togo * Tunisia * Vanuatu * Vietnam
ObserversAustria * Croatia * Czech Republic * Georgia * Hungary * Latvia * Lithuania * Mozambique * Poland * Serbia * Slovakia * Slovenia * Thailand * Ukraine

Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

Nations
MembersAntigua and Barbuda * Bahamasup|1 * Barbados * Belize * Dominica * Grenada * Guyana * Haitiup|1 * Jamaica * Montserratup|2 * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago
Associate membersAnguilla * Bermuda * Cayman Islands * British Virgin Islands * Turks and Caicos Islands
ObserversAruba * Colombia * Dominican Republic * Mexico * Netherlands Antilles * Puerto Rico * Venezuela
Institutions
CSME * CDEMA * CMO * CMO * CXC * CCJ * CFC * CEHI * CARDI * REPAHA * ACCP * CARICAD * CFNI * CCC * CRITI *
Related organizations
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States



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