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United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates
General information
Common nameUnited Arab Emirates
Local nameدولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة
Dawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Nameدولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة
Dawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Mottoالله , الوطن , الرئيس 
Allah, al-Waṭan, al-Ra'īs (Arabic)
"God, The Homeland, President"
AnthemIshy Bilady
CapitalAbu Dhabi
Largest cityDubai
Official languagesArabic
Ethnic groups16.5% Emirati, 23% Other Arabs, Iranian, 60.5% South Asian, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Filipino, Thai, Westerners (2009)
GovernmentFederal presidential system and elective constitutional monarchy
PresidentKhalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Vice President and Prime MinisterMohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
LegislatureFederal National Council
SovereigntySovereignty (End of special treaty with the United Kingdom)
ConstitutionDecember 2, 1971
Total Area32278 sq mi (83600 km2) (116th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.8264070 (93rd)
Population census4106427 (2005)
Density (pop.)98.8/km2 (110th) (256/sq mi)
GDP PPPUS$182.876 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capitaUS$36,175.966
GDP (nominal)US$252.736 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capitaUS$49,995.307
Other information
Gini36 (2008)
HDI(+) 0.815 (2010) (very high) (32nd)
CurrencyUAE dirham (AED)
Time zoneGMT+4 (UTC+4)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+4)
Date formatsdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Internet, امارات.
Calling code971

United Arab Emirates

AboveEthnicity (1982)
BelowSource: CIA
Label3Other Arabs & Iranians|data3=23%
Label4Others (including Europeans & East Asians)|data4=8%

     Home | Country | United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates, abbreviated as the UAE, or shortened to "the Emirates", is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.

The state is a federation of seven emirates (equivalent to principalities), each governed by a hereditary emir, with a single national president. The constituent emirates are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain. The capital is Abu Dhabi, which is also the state's center of political, industrial, and cultural activities.

Prior to independence in 1971, the UAE was known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman, in reference to a 19th-century truce between the local sheikhs, hereditary rulers of the territories, and the United Kingdom. The term Pirate Coast was also used by some to refer to the emirates from the 18th to the early 20th century, owing to the preponderance of pirates operating from emirati ports.

The UAE's political system, based on its 1971 Constitution, is composed of several intricately connected governing bodies. As a federation of seven monarchies, whose rulers retain absolute power within their emirates, but with a UAE president, it is neither a constitutional monarchy nor a republic. The emirs chose one of their number to be the president of the federation, but this does not alter the monarchical character of the government of the individual emirates. The constitution is concerned solely with the relations between the emirates as members of the federation, and does not prescribe a constitutional system of government.

Islam is the official religion of the state, and Arabic is the official language.

Its oil reserves are ranked as the world's sixth-largest and the UAE possesses one of the most-developed economies in West Asia. It is the thirty-fifth-largest economy at market exchange rates, and has a high per capita gross domestic product (GDP), with a nominal per capita GDP of US$47,407 as per the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It is 15th in purchasing power per capita and has a relatively high Human Development Index for the Asian continent, ranking thirty-second globally. The UAE is classified as a high-income developing economy by the IMF.

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