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General information
Common nameBahrain
Local nameمملكة البحرين
Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn
Nameمملكة البحرين
Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn
Largest citycapital
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentConstitutional Monarchy
KingHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Crown PrinceSalman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Prime MinisterKhalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
LegislatureNational Assembly of Bahrain
From Persia1783
Termination of special treaty with the United Kingdom15 August 1971
Total Area290 sq mi (751.1 km2) (185th)
Water %0
Population Est.1,234,596 (155th)
Density (pop.)1643.3/km2 (7th) (4257.2/sq mi)
GDP PPP$29.712 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$26,852
GDP (nominal)$22.656 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$20,474
Other information
HDI(+) 0.801 (2010) (very high) (39th)
CurrencyBahraini dinar (BHD)
Time zoneAST (UTC+3)
Drives on theRight
Calling code973

     Home | Country | Bahrain

( , al-Baḥrayn), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain ( , ), is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is ruled by the Al Khalifa royal family. The population in 2010 stood at 1,214,705, including 235,108 non-nationals. Formerly an emirate, Bahrain was declared a kingdom in 2002.

Bahrain is an archipelago of 33 islands, the largest being Bahrain Island, at 55 km (34.2 mi) long by 18 km (11.2 mi) wide. Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain by the King Fahd Causeway. Qatar is to the southeast across the Gulf of Bahrain. The planned Qatar Bahrain Causeway will link Bahrain and Qatar and become the world's longest marine causeway.

Known for its oil and pearls, Bahrain is also home to many large structures, including the Bahrain World Trade Center and the Bahrain Financial Harbour, with a proposal in place to build the 1022 m (3353 ft) high Murjan Tower. The Qal’at al-Bahrain (the harbour and capital of the ancient land of Dilmun) was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005. The Bahrain Formula One Grand Prix takes place at the Bahrain International Circuit.

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