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General information
Common nameQatar
Local nameدولة قطر
Dawlat Qaṭar
Nameدولة قطر
Dawlat Qaṭar
Anthemالسلام الأميري (Arabic)
"As-salām al-amīrī" (transliteration)
Amiri Salute
Largest citycapital
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
EmirHamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Crown PrinceTamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Prime MinisterHamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
LegislatureConsultative Assembly of Qatar
Founded by Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani18 December 1878
Independence from the Ottoman Empire1913
Independence from United Kingdom3 September 1971
Total Area4416 sq mi (11437.4 km2) (164th)
Water %negligible
Population census1696563 (148th) (2010)
Density (pop.)123.2/km2 (123rd) (319.1/sq mi)
GDP PPP$150.550 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$88,558
GDP (nominal)$129.485 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$76,167
Other information
HDI(+) 0.803 (2010) (very high) (38th)
CurrencyRiyal (QAR)
Time zoneAST (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST)(not observed) (UTC+3)
Drives on theRight
Internet, قطر.
Calling code974

     Home | Country | Qatar

Qatar (c-enaudio=En-us-Qatar.oggˈkɑːtɑr or c-enaudio=En-us-Qatar-2, also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab emirate, in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island state of Bahrain.

Qatar has been ruled as an absolute monarchy by the Al Thani family since the mid-19th century. Formerly a British protectorate noted mainly for pearling, it became independent in 1971, and has become one of the region's wealthiest states due to its enormous oil and natural gas revenues. In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani became Emir when he seized power from his father, Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, in a peaceful coup d'état. The most important positions in Qatar are held by the members of the Al Thani family, or close confidants of the al- Thani family. Beginning in 1992, Qatar has built intimate military ties with the United States, and is now the location of U.S. Central Command’s Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center.

Qatar has the world's largest per capita production and proven reserves of both oil and natural gas. In 2010, Qatar had the world's highest GDP per capita, while the economy grew by 19.40%, the fastest in the world. The main drivers for this rapid growth are attributed to ongoing increases in production and exports of liquefied natural gas, oil, petrochemicals and related industries. Qatar has the second-highest human development in the Arab World after the United Arab Emirates. In 2009, Qatar was the United States’ fifth-largest export market in the Middle East, trailing behind the U.A.E., Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. With a small citizen population of less than 300,000 people, Qatar workforce comprises expatriates from other Arab nations (20% of population), the Indian subcontinent (India 20%, Nepal 13%, Pakistan 7%, Sri Lanka 5%), Southeast Asia (Philippines 10%), and other countries (5%) . Qatar has attracted an estimated $100 billion in investment, with approximately $60 � 70 billion coming from the U.S in the energy sector. It is estimated that Qatar will invest over $120 billion in the energy sector in the next ten years.

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