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General information
Common nameOman
Local nameسلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
Nameسلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
AnthemNashid as-Salaam as-Sultani
Largest citycapital
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentIslamic absolute monarchy
SultanQaboos bin Said al Said
Deputy Prime MinisterFahd bin Mahmoud al Said 
LegislatureCouncil of Oman
Imamate established751
Total Area119498 sq mi (309499.8 km2) (70th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.3608545 (133rd)
Population census2341000 (2003)
Density (pop.)9.2/km2 (219th) (23.8/sq mi)
GDP PPP$75.837 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$25,438
GDP (nominal)$55.620 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$18,657
Other information
HDI(+) 0.846 (2007) (high) (56th)
CurrencyRial (OMR|country_code=OMN)
Time zone|utc_offset=+4|time_zone_DST=|utc_offset_DST=+4 (UTC+4|time_zone_DST=|utc_offset_DST=+4)
- Summer (DST)|utc_offset_DST=+4 (UTC+4)
Drives on theRight
Calling code968

     Home | Country | Oman

Oman (c-enaudio=En-us-Oman, officially called the Sultanate of Oman ( ), is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The Madha and Musandam enclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

For a period, Oman was a moderate regional power, formerly having a sultanate extending across the Strait of Hormuz to Iran, and modern day Pakistan, and far south to Zanzibar on the coat of south-east Africa. Over time, as its power declined, the sultanate came under heavy influence from the United Kingdom, though Oman was never formally part of the British Empire, or a British protectorate. Oman has been ruled by the Al Bu Sa'idi dynasty since 1744, and has long-standing military and political ties with the United Kingdom, and the United States, although it maintains an independent foreign policy.

In November 2010, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) listed Oman, from among 135 countries worldwide, as the nation most-improved during the preceding 40 years. According to international indices, Oman is one of the most developed and stable countries in the Arab World, though its government does not permit any form of liberal democracy. In the wake of the Arab Spring in 2011, several civilian protests took place demanding greater political freedom, and civil rights.

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