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New Mexico

New Mexico
US State
NicknameLand of Enchantment
MottoCrescit eundo (It grows as it goes)
Official languagesEnglish, Spanish
Spoken languagesEnglish 82%
Spanish 29%,
Navajo 4%
DemonymNew Mexican
CapitalSanta Fe
Largest cityAlbuquerque
Largest metro areaAlbuquerque Metropolitan Area
Area Ranked5th
Total121589 sq mi 315194 km2
Width342 mi 550 km
Length370 mi 595 km
% water0.2
Pop. Rank36th
Density16.2 /sq mi 6.27 /km2
Highest pointWheeler Peak
13161 ft 4013.3 m
Mean5692 ft 1735 m
Lowest pointRed Bluff Reservoir
2842 ft 865 m
Other information
Admission to UnionJanuary 6, 1912 (47th)
GovernorSusana Martinez (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJohn Sanchez (R)
LegislatureNew Mexico Legislature
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJeff Bingaman (D)
Tom Udall (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Martin Heinrich (D)
2: Steve Pearce (R)
3: Ben R. Luján (D)
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6

     Home | State | New Mexico

New Mexicoc-enaudio=en-us-New Mexico.oggnjuː_ˈmɛksɨkoʊ is a state located in the southwest and western regions of the United States. New Mexico is also usually considered one of the Mountain States. With a population density of 16 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth-most sparsely inhabited U.S. state.

Inhabited by Native American populations for many centuries, it has also been part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain, part of Mexico, and a U.S. territory. Among U.S. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics, including descendants of Spanish colonists and recent immigrants from Latin America. It also has the second-highest percentage of Native Americans, after Alaska, and the fifth-highest total number of Native Americans after California, Oklahoma, Arizona, and Texas. The tribes in the state consist of mostly Navajo and Pueblo peoples. As a result, the demographics and culture of the state are unique for their strong Hispanic and Native American influences. The flag of New Mexico is represented by the red and gold colors, which represent Spain as well as the Zia symbol, an ancient Native American symbol for the sun.

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