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East Timor

East Timor
General information
Common nameEast Timor
Local nameRepúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  
República Democrática de Timor-Leste  
NameRepúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  
República Democrática de Timor-Leste  
Motto"Unidade, Acção, Progresso" (Portuguese)
("Unity, Action, Progress")
Largest cityDili
Official languagesTetum and Portuguese1
Working languagesIndonesian and English
DemonymEast Timorese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and Democratic republic
PresidentJosé Ramos-Horta
Prime MinisterXanana Gusmão
IndependenceIndependence (from Portugal, Indonesia2)
DeclaredNovember 28, 1975
RestoredMay 20, 2002
Total Area5743 sq mi (14874.4 km2) (159th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.1066582 (155th)
Density (pop.)76.2/km2 (132nd) (197.4/sq mi)
GDP PPP$3.355 billion (2011)
GDP (PPP) per capita$3,071
GDP (nominal)$709 million (2011)
GDP (nominal) per capita$648
Other information
HDI(+)0.502 (medium) (120th)
CurrencyUS$³ (USD)
Drives on theleft
Internet TLD.tl4
Calling code+670

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The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor c-enaudio=En-us-East Timor.oggˌiːst_ˈtiːmɔr (Tetum: Timór Loro-sa'e, Portuguese: Timor-Leste), is a state in Southeast Asia . It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. The small country of 15,410 km2 (5,400 sq mi) is located about 640 km (400 mi) northwest of Darwin, Australia.

East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence, but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20, 2002. East Timor is one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, the other being the Philippines.

East Timor has a lower-middle-income economy. It continues to suffer the aftereffects of a decades-long independence struggle against Indonesia, which damaged infrastructure and displaced thousands of civilians. It is placed 120th by Human Development Index (HDI).

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