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Economy of Indonesia

Jakarta's central business district at Thamrin Street, Central Jakarta.
CaptionJakarta's central business district at Thamrin Street, Central Jakarta.
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)
YearCalendar year
OrgansWTO, G-20, IOR-ARC
GdpUS$1.0 trillion by PPP (2010)
Growth6% (2010)
Per CapitaUS$4,300(2010); US$4,100(2009)
Sectorsagriculture (16.5%), industry (46.4%), services (37.1%)
Inflation5.1% (2010)
Poverty13.3% (2010)
Gini34.3 (2008)
Labor120 million (2010)
Occupationsagriculture: 30%, industry: 30%, services: 40% (2010)
Unemployment3.2% (2010)
Industriespetroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Exports$ 158 billion f.o.b. (2010)
Export-goodsoil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber
Export-partnersJapan 15.9%, China 9.9%, US 9.3%, Singapore 8.8%, South Korea 7.0%, India 6.4%, Malaysia 5.8%, Australia 2,8% (2009)
Imports$132 billion f.o.b. (2010)
Import-goodsmachinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs
Import-partnersSingapore 16.1%, China 14.5%, Japan 10.2%, US 7.3%, Malaysia 5.9%, South Korea 4.9%, Thailand 4.8%, Australia 3.5%, Saudi Arabia 3.2%, (2009)
ReservesUS$105.709 billion (March 2011)
CreditStandard & Poor's:
BB+ (Domestic)
BB+ (Foreign)
BBB- (T&C Assessment)
Outlook: Positive
Outlook: Stable
Outlook: Positive

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Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and is one of the emerging market economies of the world. The country is also a member of G-20 major economies. It has a market economy in which the government plays a significant role by owning more than 164 enterprises and administers prices on several basic goods, including fuel, rice, and electricity. In the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis that began in mid-1997, the government took custody of a significant portion of private sector assets through acquisition of nonperforming bank loans and corporate assets through the debt restructuring process. Since 2004, the national economy has recovered and undergone another period of rapid economic growth. Indonesia is quite a humid and tropical country with many tourist attractions.

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