AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share


General information
Common nameGuatemala
Local name 
Motto"País de la Eterna Primavera"
"Country of the Eternal Spring"
AnthemHimno Nacional de Guatemala
National anthem of Guatemala
CapitalGuatemala City
Largest cityGuatemala City
Official languagesSpanish
GovernmentUnitary presidential Constitutional republic
PresidentÁlvaro Colom Caballero
Vice PresidentRafael Espada
IndependenceIndependence (from Spain)
Declared (independence from Spain)15 September 1821
Total Area42042 sq mi (108888.8 km2) (106th)
Water %0.4
Population Est.13276517 (68th)
Population census12728111 (July 2007)
Density (pop.)134.6/km2 (85th) (348.6/sq mi)
GDP PPP$70.150 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$4,884
GDP (nominal)$41.471 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,887
Other information
Gini55.1 (2002) (high)
HDI(-) 0.560 (2010) (medium) (116th)
CurrencyQuetzal (GTQ)
Time zoneCentral Time (UTC-6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+502

     Home | Country | Guatemala

Guatemala ( ; , -esreˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. Its area is 108,890 km2 (42,043 mi2) with an estimated population of 13,276,517.

A representative democracy, its capital is Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City. Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The former Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish. The Mayas live in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and northern parts of El Salvador.

Guatemala became independent from Spain in 1821, joining the Mexican Empire. After it became an independent country in its own right, it was ruled by a series of dictators, assisted by the United Fruit Company. The late 20th century saw Guatemala embroiled in a 36-year-long civil war. Following the war, Guatemala has witnessed successive democratic elections, most recently in 2007.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260