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General information
Common nameHonduras
Local name 
NameRepublic of Honduras
Motto"Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
"Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Himno Nacional de Honduras
National Anthem of Honduras

Largest citycapital
Official languagesSpanish
Regional languagesEnglish, Garifuna, Miskito,and other indigenous languages.
Ethnic groups90% Mestizo mixture of European and American Indian
7% Amerindian
2% Black
1% White
DemonymHonduran, Catracho
GovernmentConstitutional republic
PresidentPorfirio Lobo Sosa
Vice PresidentMaría Antonieta de Bográn
President of the National CongressJuan Orlando Hernández
President of the Supreme CourtJorge Rivera Avilés
IndependenceIndependence (from Spain, First Mexican Empire, and the Federal Republic of Central America)
Declared15 September 1821 (as part of Federal Republic of Central America)
from the First Mexican EmpireJuly 1, 1823
Declared5 November 1838 (as Honduras)
Total Area43278 sq mi (112090 km2) ( )
Population Est.8249574 ( )
Population census7529403 (2007)
Density (pop.)64.1/km2 ( ) (166/sq mi)
GDP PPP$33.631 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$4,417
GDP (nominal)$15.347 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,015
Other information
Gini55.3 (1992 2007) (high)
HDI(+) 0.604 (2010) (medium) (106th)
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
Drives on theRight
Calling code504

     Home | Country | Honduras

Honduras c-enaudio=En-us-Honduras.ogghɒnˈdʊərəs ( -esreˈpuβlika ðe onˈduɾas "Republic of Honduras") is a republic in Central America. It was previously known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain who introduced its predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

Its size is just over 112,492 km2 with an estimated population of almost eight million. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone.

It is notable for its production of minerals, tropical fruit, and recently for exportation of clothing for the international market.

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