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General information
Common nameBelize
Motto  (Latin)
"Under the Shade I Flourish"
AnthemLand of the Free
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Largest cityBelize City
Official languagesEnglish
Regional languagesKriol, Spanish, Garifuna, Maya, Plautdietsch
Ethnic groupsMestizo, Kriol, Maya, Garinagu, Mennonite, Chinese, East Indian, Spanish
DemonymBelizean (c-eniconbəˈliːziən or c-enbəˈliːʒən))
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Colville Young
Prime MinisterDean Barrow
from the United Kingdom21 September 1981
Total Area8867 sq mi (22965.5 km2) (150th)
Water %0.7
Population Est.333,200 (174th)
Density (pop.)14.7/km2 (198th2) (38/sq mi)
GDP PPP$2.651 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$7,895
GDP (nominal)$1.396 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$4,158
Other information
HDI(+)0.694 (2010) (high) (78th)
CurrencyBelize dollar (BZD)
Time zonecentral time (UTC-6)
Drives on theright
Calling code501

     Home | Country | Belize

Belize c-enaudio=En-us-Belize.oggbəˈliːz (formerly British Honduras) is a constitutional monarchy and the northernmost sovereign state in Central America. Belize has a diverse society, comprising many cultures and languages. Even though Kriol and Spanish are spoken among the population, Belize is the only country in Central America where English is the official language. Belize is bordered to the north by Mexico, south and west by Guatemala, and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. Belize’s mainland is about 290 km (180.2 mi) long and 110 km (68.4 mi) wide.

With 110 km (68.4 22,960) of land and a population of only 333,200 people (2010 est.), Belize possesses the lowest population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 2.21% (2008 est.), however, is the highest in the region and one of the highest in the western hemisphere. Belize's abundance of terrestrial and marine species, and its diversity of ecosystems give it a key place within the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.

Belize is culturally unique among its Central American neighbours; it is the only nation in the region with a British colonial heritage. As a part of the Western Caribbean Zone, however, it also shares a common heritage with the Caribbean portions of other Central American countries. In general, Belize is considered to be a Central American nation with strong ties to both the Caribbean and Latin America. Belize is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (SICA).

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