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Golden Horseshoe

Golden Horseshoe
Full nameThe Golden Horseshoe
Official nameThe Golden Horseshoe
Settlement typeUrban agglomeration
CountryCanada Canada
ProvinceOntario Ontario
Total Area12182.8 sq mi (31561.57 km2)
Total Population8102163 (2006)
Density (pop.)256.7/km2 (664.9/sq mi)
Extended area1614101
Core area6488062
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code prefixesK, L, M, N
Area code226, 289, 416, 519, 647, 705, 905

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The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region centred around the Greater Toronto Area at the western end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada, with outer boundaries stretching south to Lake Erie and north to Georgian Bay. Most of it is also part of the Quebec City - Windsor Corridor and the Great Lakes Megalopolis. With a population of 6.5 million people, it makes up slightly over 19% of the population of Canada and contains approximately 49% of Ontario's population, making it one of the largest population concentrations in North America. Although it is a geographically named sub-region of Southern Ontario, the Greater Golden Horseshoe is also used today to describe the metropolitan region that stretches across the area in totality including smaller centres outside of the core region.

The core of the region starts from Niagara Falls at the eastern end of the Niagara Peninsula and extends west, wrapping around the western end of Lake Ontario at Hamilton and then turning northeast to its anchor city Toronto (on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario), before finally terminating at Oshawa, just east of Toronto. The wider region spreads inland in all directions away from the Lake Ontario shoreline, southwest to Brantford, west to the Kitchener-Waterloo area, north to Barrie, and northeast to Peterborough. The whole region's area covers approximately 33500 km2, out of this, 7300 km2 is covered by the Greenbelt.

The phrase, "Golden Horseshoe," was first used by Westinghouse president Herbert H. Rogge in a speech to the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce, on January 12, 1954:The speech writer who actually penned the phrase was Charles Hunter MacBain, executive assistant to five Westinghouse presidents including Rogge.

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