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Lake Erie

Lake Erie
Lake information
NameLake Erie
LocationNorth America
GroupGreat Lakes
Primary inflowsDetroit River
Primary outflowsNiagara River
Catchment areal
Basin countriesCA Canada
US United States
Max. length241 mi (387.9 km)
Max. width57 mi (91.7 km)
Surface area9940 sqmi (25744.5 km2)
Average depth62 ft (18.9 m)
Max. depth210 ft (64 m)
Water volume116 c�mi (35.4 km3)
Residence time2.6 years
Shore length850 mi (1367.9 km)
Surface elevation571 ft (174 m)
Islands in lakes24+ (see list)
SettlementsBuffalo, New York
Erie, Pennsylvania
Toledo, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio

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Lake Erie (c-eniconˈɪri; ) is the fourth largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the thirteenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario, on the south by the U.S. states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, and on the west by the state of Michigan. The lake is named after the Erie tribe of Native Americans who lived along its southern shore. The outflow from the lake provides hydroelectric power to Canada and the U.S. as it spins huge turbines at Niagara Falls.

Canadian writer Chad Fraser in his book Lake Erie Stories, refers to the region as a "sun-drenched, nearly tropical retreat". The novelist and poet Margaret Atwood described Lake Erie with these words:|}

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