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Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia (US state)
US State
NicknamePeach State;
Empire State of the South
MottoWisdom, Justice, Moderation
Official languagesEnglish
Largest citycapital
Largest metro areaAtlanta metro area
Area Ranked24th
Total59425 sq mi 153909 km2
Width230 mi 370 km
Length298 mi 480 km
% water2.6
Pop. Rank9th
Total(2010) 9,687,653
Density141.4 /sq mi 54.59 /km2
Median income$50,861 (23rd)
Highest pointBrasstown Bald
4784 ft 1458 m
Mean600 ft 180 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
GovernorNathan Deal (R)
Lieutenant GovernorCasey Cagle (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseState Senate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsSaxby Chambliss (R)
Johnny Isakson (R)
U.S. House delegation8 Republicans, 5 Democrats
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

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Georgia c-enaudio=en-us-Georgia.oggˈdʒɔrdʒⁱə is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. It declared its secession from the Union on January 21, 1861, and was one of the original seven Confederate states. It was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870.

The 2010 US Census reported 9,687,653 residents, making Georgia the ninth most populous state.

From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Peach State and the Empire State of the South. Atlanta is the capital and the most populous city.

Georgia is bordered on the south by Florida; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina; on the west by Alabama; and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, a mountain range in the vast Appalachian Mountains system. The central piedmont extends from the foothills to the fall line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the continental coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald, 4,784 feet (1,458 m); the lowest point is sea level.

With an area of , Georgia is ranked 24th in size among the 50 U.S. states. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in terms of land area, although it is the fourth largest (after Michigan, Florida, and Wisconsin) in total area, a term which includes expanses of water which are part of state territory.

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