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North Carolina

North Carolina
US State
NicknameTar Heel State; Old North State
MottoEsse quam videri (official); First in Flight
Official languagesAmerican English
DemonymNorth Carolinian;
Tar Heel (colloq.)
CapitalNew Bern
Largest cityCharlotte
Largest metro areaCharlotte metropolitan area
Area Ranked28th
Total53819 sq mi 139581 km2
Width150 mi 340 km
Length560 mi 900 km
% water9.5
Pop. Rank10th
Total(2010) 9,535,483
Density165.24 /sq mi 63.80 /km2
Median income$44,670 (38th)
Highest pointMt. Mitchell
6684 ft 2038 m
Mean705 ft 215 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionNovember 21, 1789 (12th)
GovernorBev Perdue (D)
Lieutenant GovernorWalter H. Dalton (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsRichard Burr (R)
Kay Hagan (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats,
6 Republicans
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

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North Carolina (c-enaudio=en-us-North Carolina is a state located in the southeastern United States. The state borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west and Virginia to the north. North Carolina contains 100 counties. Its capital is Raleigh, and its largest city is Charlotte. In the past five decades, North Carolina's economy has undergone a transition from heavy reliance upon tobacco and furniture making to a more diversified economy with engineering, biotechnology, and finance sectors.

North Carolina has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6684 ft (2037.3 m) at Mt. Mitchell, the highest point in the Eastern US. The climate of the coastal plains is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 mi (482.8 km) from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate.

From 2008 North Carolina has been the fastest growing state in the United States.

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