AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
General information
Common namethe Democratic Republic of the Congo
Local nameRépublique Démocratique du Congo 

Repubilika ya Kongo Demokratika (Kituba)
Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo (Swahili)
Republiki ya Kongó Demokratiki (Lingala)
Ditunga día Kongu wa Mungalaata (Tshiluba)
NameRépublique Démocratique du Congo 

Repubilika ya Kongo Demokratika (Kituba)
Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo (Swahili)
Republiki ya Kongó Demokratiki (Lingala)
Ditunga día Kongu wa Mungalaata (Tshiluba)
MottoJustice Paix Travail 
(French: Justice Peace Work)
Anthem"Debout Congolais
(French:"Arise, Congolese")
CapitalKinshasa|latd=4|latm=19|latNS=S|longd=15|longm=19|longEW=E
Largest citycapital
Official languagesFrench
DemonymCongolese
Government
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
PresidentJoseph Kabila
Prime MinisterAdolphe Muzito
IndependenceIndependence
from Belgium30 June 1960
Geography
Total Area905355 sq mi (2344869.5 km2) (11th)
Water %4.3
Demography
Population Est.71712867 (19th)
Density (pop.)29.3/km2 (182nd) (75.9/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$23.117 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$328
GDP (nominal)$13.125 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$186
Other information
HDI(+) 0.239 (2010) (low) (168th)
CurrencyCongolese franc (CDF)
Time zoneWAT, CAT (UTC+1 to +2)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+1 to +2)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.cd
Calling code243

     Home | Country | Democratic Republic of the Congo



The Democratic Republic of the Congo ( ) is a state located in Central Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a population of over 71 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the eighteenth most populous nation in the world, and the fourth most populous nation in Africa, as well as the most populous officially Francophone country.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is often Simplyfied as Congo. However, in order to distinguish it from the neighbouring Congo Brazzaville to the west, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is sometimes referred to as DR Congo, DRC, or RDC (from its French abbreviation), or is called Congo (in contrast to Congo-Brazzaville for its neighbour). It also borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi in the east; Zambia and Angola to the south; the Atlantic Ocean to the west; and is separated from Tanzania by Lake Tanganyika in the east. The country has access to the ocean through a 40 km (24.9 mi) stretch of Atlantic coastline at Muanda and the roughly 9 km wide mouth of the Congo River which opens into the Gulf of Guinea.

The Second Congo War, beginning in 1998, devastated the country, involved seven foreign armies and is sometimes referred to as the "African World War". Despite the signing of peace accords in 2003, fighting continues in the east of the country. In eastern Congo, the prevalence of rape and other sexual violence is described as the worst in the world. The war is the world's deadliest conflict since World War II, killing 5.4 million people since 1998. The vast majority died from malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo was formerly, in chronological order, the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zaire (Zaïre in French). Though it is located in the Central African UN subregion, the nation is also economically and regionally affiliated with Southern Africa as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).


Warning: simplexml_load_file(http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/videos/-/Democratic/Republic/of/the/Congo?orderby=viewCount&max-results=10) [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/videos/-/Democratic/Republic/of/the/Congo?orderby=viewCount&max-results=10" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260