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General information
Common nameBurundi
Local name 
Motto"Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere" (Kirundi)
"Unité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress" 1
AnthemBurundi bwacu
(Our Burundi)
Largest citycapital
Official languagesKirundi, French
Vehicular languagesKirundi, Swahili
PresidentPierre Nkurunziza
1st Vice PresidentTerence Sinunguruza
2nd Vice PresidentGervais Rufyikiri
IndependenceIndependence (from Belgium)
DateJuly 1, 1962
Total Area10745 sq mi (27829.6 km2) (145th)
Water %7.8
Population Est.10,216,190 (89th)
Population census8038618 (2008)
Density (pop.)322.9/km2 (45th) (836.5/sq mi)
GDP PPP$3.397 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$410
GDP (nominal)$1.489 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$180
Other information
Gini42.4 (1998) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.282 (2010) (low) (166th)
CurrencyBurundi franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zoneCAT (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code257

     Home | Country | Burundi

Burundi (pronounced -rwbuˈɾundi), officially the Republic of Burundi ( ; ), is a landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Its size is just under 28,000 km2 with an estimated population of over 10,000,000. Its capital is Bujumbura. Although the country is landlocked, much of the southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.

The Twa, Tutsi, and Hutu peoples have occupied Burundi since the country's formation five centuries ago. Burundi was ruled as a kingdom by the Tutsi for over two hundred years. However, at the beginning of the twentieth century, Germany and Belgium occupied the region, and Burundi and Rwanda became a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi.

Political unrest occurred throughout the region because of social differences between the Tutsi and Hutu, provoking civil war in Burundi throughout the middle twentieth century. Presently, Burundi is governed as a presidential representative democratic republic.

Burundi is one of the ten poorest countries in the world. It has one of the lowest per capita GDP of any nation in the world. Burundi has a low gross domestic product largely due to civil wars, corruption, poor access to education, and the effects of HIV/AIDS . Burundi is densely populated, with substantial emigration. Cobalt and copper are among Burundi's natural resources. Some of Burundi's main exports include coffee and sugar.

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