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Republic of the Congo

Republic of the Congo
General information
Common namethe Republic of the Congo
Local nameRépublique du Congo  
Repubilika ya Kongo (Kituba)
Republiki ya Kongó (Lingala)
NameRépublique du Congo  
Repubilika ya Kongo (Kituba)
Republiki ya Kongó (Lingala)
MottoUnité, Travail, Progrès  
"Unity, Work, Progress"
AnthemLa Congolaise  
"The Congolese"
Largest cityBrazzaville
Official languagesFrench
Regional languagesKongo/Kituba, Lingala
GovernmentPresidential republic
PresidentDenis Sassou Nguesso
from FranceAugust 15, 1960
Total Area132047 sq mi (342001.7 km2) (64th)
Water %3.3
Population Est.3686000 (128th)
Density (pop.)10.8/km2 (204th) (27.9/sq mi)
GDP PPP$17.108 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$4,426
GDP (nominal)$11.530 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,983
Other information
HDI(-) 0.489 (2010) (medium) (126th)
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code242

     Home | Country | Republic of the Congo

The Republic of the Congo ( ; ; ), also known as Congo Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Little Congo, or simply the Congo, is a state in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly known as Zaire), the Angolan exclave province of Cabinda, and the Gulf of Guinea.

The region was dominated by Bantu tribes, who built trade links leading into the Congo River basin. The republic is a former French colony. Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. The People's Republic of the Congo was a Marxist-Leninist single-party state from 1970 to 1991. Multiparty elections have been held since 1992, although a democratically elected government was ousted in the 1997 Republic of the Congo Civil War.

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