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Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada
TitlePrime Minister
IncumbentStephen Harper
Post-nominalsPC, MP
Incumbentsince6 February 2006
Appointed ByMichaëlle Jean
GovernorGovernor General of Canada
First MinisterSir John A. Macdonald
Date1 July 1867
Residence24 Sussex Drive, Ottawa
Harrington Lake, Gatineau Park

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The Prime Minister of Canada ( ) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus head of government for Canada, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or viceroy on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution. Not outlined in any constitutional document, the office exists only as per long-established convention originating in Canada's former colonial power, the United Kingdom, which stipulate that the monarch's representative, the governor general, must select as prime minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the elected House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber.

The current, and 22nd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Conservative Party's Stephen Harper, who was appointed on 6 February 2006 by Governor General Michaëlle Jean, following the general election that took place that year. As with all other Canadian prime ministers, Harper is styled as The Right Honourable ( ), a privilege maintained for life.

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