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Native ameSurat (સુરત)
NicknameDiamond City / Silk City / Suryapur
TypeMetropolitan City
Total Area126 sq mi (326.515 km2)
Metro Area1623.9 sq mi (4207 km2)
Altitude13 m
Coastline45 km
Total Population5064519 (2011)
Metro Population6234000 (8) (2011)
Official languagesGujarati, Hindi, English
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode395 0xx
VehicleGJ 05 (Surat), GJ 21 (Navsari)

     Home | City | Surat

:Not to be confused with Surah.

Surat ( ), also known as Suryapur, is the commercial capital of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the administrative capital of Surat district and one of the fastest growing cities in India with a population in 2010 nearly the double of that in 2001. The city has been ranked 95th in the list of world's largest cities and is the 9th largest city of India after Pune. Surat Metropolitan Region is widely regarded as one of the cleanest metropolitan regions in the country with the city proper being the third cleanest city in India.

The city is located 306 km south of state capital Gandhinagar, and is situated on the left bank of the Tapti River (Tapi), the centre being around 22 km (14 miles) from its mouth. A moat divides the older parts of the city, with its narrow streets and handsome houses, and the newer suburbs. The city is largely recognized for its textile and diamond businesses. It is also known as the diamond capital of the world and the textile capital/Manchester textile city of India, a distinction it took over from Ahmedabad. It is also knows as the "Embroidery capital of India" with the highest number of embroidery machines than any other city. 92% of the world's diamonds are cut and polished in Surat. It has one of the highest GDP growth rates in India at 11.5% as of 2008. Surat was the primary port of India during the Mughal period, a distinction it lost to Bombay during the British Raj.

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