AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Great Bitter Lake

Great Bitter Lake
Lake information
NameGreat Bitter Lake (GBL)
Lake typesalt water lake
Primary inflowsSuez Canal
Primary outflowsSuez Canal
Basin countriesEgypt
Surface elevation0

     Home | Lake | Great Bitter Lake

The Great Bitter Lake ( ; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra al-Kubra) is a salt water lake between the north and south part of the Suez Canal. It is adjoined by the Small Bitter Lake (Arabic: البحيرة المرة الصغرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra as-Sughra). Before the Canal was built, their site was occupied by dry salt valleys. Together, the Bitter Lakes now have a surface area of about 250 km2. To the north, the canal also runs through Lake Manzala and Lake Timsah.

As the canal has no locks, sea water flows freely into the lake from the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. In general, north of the lakes the current reverses seasonally, being north-going in winter and south-going in summer. South of the lakes, the current is tidal, reversing with the tides in the Red Sea. Fish can migrate, generally in a northerly direction, through the canal and lakes in what is known as a Lessepsian migration. By this means some Red Sea species have come to colonize the eastern Mediterranean.

In the later part of World War II, the lake was used to intern Italian warships which had surrendered to the Allies, including the battleships Vittorio Veneto and the Italia.

On February 14, 1945, on the Great Bitter Lake, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, having flown directly from the Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin, met on board the naval cruiser USS Quincy with Saudi Arabia's King Abdul Aziz. President Roosevelt's interpreter was U.S. Marine Corps Colonel Bill Eddy who recorded the men's conversation in his book FDR Meets Ibn Saud.

During the Six-Day War in 1967, the canal was closed, leaving 14 ships trapped in the lake until 1975. These ships became known as the "Yellow Fleet", because of the desert sands which soon covered their decks. A number of local postage stamps (or rather, decorative labels, since they had no postal validity) were created by the crews, which are sought after by collectors.

Great Bitter Lake Video
3.93 min. | 0 user rating

Latest News : Great Bitter Lake : Tweet this RSS

Want to Great Bitter Lake latest news on your twitter account???   sign in with twitter
Great Bitter Lake     sign in with twitter   ||  Lake     sign in with twitter   ||  Travel     sign in with twitter
Vonn wins first Lake Louise super-G - Banff Crag & Canyon Tweet this news
Banff Crag & Canyon--Whenever you have your first win at any mountain it's -great-," Vonn said. "I've won the downhill many times but never the super-G so I'm just extremely happy ... - Date : Tue, 07 Dec 2010 20:13:13 GMT+00:00
Will our generals ever shut up? - Salon Tweet this news
Salon--By Associated Press An unmanned MQ-9 Reaper warplane crashed Wednesday in the El Mirage Dry -Lake- area of the Mojave Desert, the Air Force said. ... - Date : Tue, 07 Sep 2010 20:37:19 GMT+00:00
Johnson: Cobblers the only club for me - Northampton Chronicle & Echo Tweet this news
Northampton Chronicle & Echo--Johnson only played once for Middlesbrough's first team after rising through their academy ranks, but the right-back is not -bitter- about the lack of chances ... - Date : Fri, 30 Jul 2010 11:49:40 GMT+00:00
Keeping the course running on an even par - Faribault County Register Tweet this news
Faribault County Register--After last years -bitter- winter, July-like temperatures are bringing golf-starved enthusiasts back to Riverside Town and ... - Date : Tue, 01 Jun 2010 21:45:15 GMT+00:00

Privacy | Sitemap | Micra Hosting