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Great Bitter Lake

Great Bitter Lake
Lake information
NameGreat Bitter Lake (GBL)
Lake typesalt water lake
Primary inflowsSuez Canal
Primary outflowsSuez Canal
Basin countriesEgypt
Geography
Surface elevation0

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The Great Bitter Lake ( ; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra al-Kubra) is a salt water lake between the north and south part of the Suez Canal. It is adjoined by the Small Bitter Lake (Arabic: البحيرة المرة الصغرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra as-Sughra). Before the Canal was built, their site was occupied by dry salt valleys. Together, the Bitter Lakes now have a surface area of about 250 km2. To the north, the canal also runs through Lake Manzala and Lake Timsah.

As the canal has no locks, sea water flows freely into the lake from the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. In general, north of the lakes the current reverses seasonally, being north-going in winter and south-going in summer. South of the lakes, the current is tidal, reversing with the tides in the Red Sea. Fish can migrate, generally in a northerly direction, through the canal and lakes in what is known as a Lessepsian migration. By this means some Red Sea species have come to colonize the eastern Mediterranean.

In the later part of World War II, the lake was used to intern Italian warships which had surrendered to the Allies, including the battleships Vittorio Veneto and the Italia.

On February 14, 1945, on the Great Bitter Lake, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, having flown directly from the Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin, met on board the naval cruiser USS Quincy with Saudi Arabia's King Abdul Aziz. President Roosevelt's interpreter was U.S. Marine Corps Colonel Bill Eddy who recorded the men's conversation in his book FDR Meets Ibn Saud.

During the Six-Day War in 1967, the canal was closed, leaving 14 ships trapped in the lake until 1975. These ships became known as the "Yellow Fleet", because of the desert sands which soon covered their decks. A number of local postage stamps (or rather, decorative labels, since they had no postal validity) were created by the crews, which are sought after by collectors.



Great Bitter Lake Video

This topic explains Egypt with regards to its physical features, climate, natural vegetation and wildlife, agriculture, minerals and industries, people, citi...
15.02 min. | 4.27 user rating
СÑдно пÑоÑÐ¾Ð´Ð¸Ñ Ð¡ÑÑÑкий канал Ð¾Ñ ÐоÑÑ-Саида до ÐоÑÑкого озеÑа. Suez Canal passing More interesting on the channel ÐиÑовой ÑкÑан http://www.youtube.com/user/le...
9.72 min. | 4.33 user rating
Toby Jones says the Saudis see the Arab awakening as an existential threat while the US sees it as something to be manipulated See more videos: http://therea...
13.67 min. | 4.90 user rating
Macgellan video "Dram" from the Suez Canal featuring Great Bitter Lake -- January 9, 2008 -- http://www.Macgellan.com.
0.97 min. | 5.0 user rating
This topic describes the Nile river and the Suez Canal. This is a product of Mexus Education Pvt. Ltd., an education innovations company based in Mumbai, Ind...
6.02 min. | 3.85 user rating

4.93 min. | 5.0 user rating
Cruising through Suez Canal, Egypt on Royal Caribbeans' Brilliance of the Seas in April 2011. Cruise departed Dubai and travelled to Fujairah, Abu Dhabi, Mus...
1.98 min. | 4.2 user rating
Snowy conditions and bitter temperatures don't stop these surfers from catching waves on Lake Superior, the best of the Great Lakes! Read more at http://wfxd...
1.65 min. | 4.5 user rating
You can see in this video the transit of a 336m container vessel during her passage trough the Suezcanal in Egypt. The video shows the second part of the sou...
2.07 min. | 5.0 user rating
Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675075145_Franklin-Roosevelt_Great-Bitter-Lake_following-Yalta-Conference_World-war-II Historic ...
2.40 min. | 5.0 user rating

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Vonn wins first Lake Louise super-G - Banff Crag & Canyon Tweet this news
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Johnson: Cobblers the only club for me - Northampton Chronicle & Echo Tweet this news
Northampton Chronicle & Echo--Johnson only played once for Middlesbrough's first team after rising through their academy ranks, but the right-back is not -bitter- about the lack of chances ... - Date : Fri, 30 Jul 2010 11:49:40 GMT+00:00
Keeping the course running on an even par - Faribault County Register Tweet this news
Faribault County Register--After last years -bitter- winter, July-like temperatures are bringing golf-starved enthusiasts back to Riverside Town and ... - Date : Tue, 01 Jun 2010 21:45:15 GMT+00:00



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