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Slovakia

Slovakia
General information
Common nameSlovakia
Local name 
Name 
AnthemNad Tatrou sa blýska
"Lightning Over the Tatras"

CapitalBratislava|latd=48|latm=09|latNS=N|longd=17|longm=07|longEW=E
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSlovak
Ethnic groups85.8% Slovaks,
9.7% Hungarians,
1.7% Roma,
2.8% others and unspecified (2001)
DemonymSlovak
Government
GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentIvan Gašparovič
Prime MinisterIveta Radičová
IndependenceIndependence
from Austria Hungary
as Czechoslovakia
28 October 1918
from Czechoslovakia1 January 19931
EU accession1 May 2004
Geography
Total Area18932 sq mi (49033.9 km2) (129th)
Water %negligible
Demography
Population Est.5440078 (111th)
Population census5379455 (2001)
Density (pop.)110.8/km2 (88th) (287/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$120.758 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$15,549
GDP (nominal)$86.262 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$15,906
Other information
Gini26 (2005) (low)
HDI(+) 0.818 (2010) (very high) (31st)
CurrencyEuro (-)2 (EUR2)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.sk3
Calling code+4214

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The Slovak Republic (short form: Slovakia c-enaudio=en-us-Slovakia is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49000 km2 (18919 sqmi). Slovakia is a landlocked country bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is the capital, Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice. Slovakia is a member state of the European Union, NATO, United Nations, OECD and WTO among others. The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family.

The Slavs arrived in the territory of present day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries during the migration period. In the course of history, various parts of today's Slovakia belonged to Samo's Empire (the first known political unit of Slavs), Principality of Nitra (as independent polity, as part of Great Moravia and as part of Hungarian Kingdom), Great Moravia, Kingdom of Hungary, the Austro-Hungarian Empire or Habsburg Empire, and Czechoslovakia. A separate Slovak state briefly existed during World War II, during which Slovakia was a dependency of Nazi Germany between 1939 1944. From 1945 Slovakia once again became a part of Czechoslovakia.

The present-day Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

Slovakia is a high-income advanced economy with one of the fastest growth rates in the European Union and the OECD. The country joined the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone on 1 January 2009. Slovakia together with Slovenia and Estonia are the only former Communist nations to be part of the European Union, Eurozone, Schengen Area and NATO simultaneously.


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