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Kurdish people

Kurdish people
1st row: Saladin • Sharaf Khan Bidlisi • Ahmad KhaniNizami Ganjavi
2nd row: Mustafa BarzaniMassoud BarzaniJalal Talabani • Leyla Zana 3rd row: Ahmet Kaya • Şivan Perwer • Rahim Moeini Kermanshahi • Seyhmus Dagtekin 4th row: Feleknas Uca • Bahman Ghobadi • AzadDarin
Ethnic group
Populationestimated 28 to 35 million
 Turkey14-19.5 million (2010)
17 � 25%
 Iran5 � 8 million (2010)
7 � 10%
 Iraq4.5 � 7 million (2010)
15 � 23%
 Syria1.4-2 million (2010)

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The Kurdish people, or Kurds ( ), are an Iranian people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They speak the Kurdish language, which is a member of the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages.

The Kurds number about 30 million, the majority living in the Middle East, with significant Kurdish diaspora communities in the cities of western Turkey, in Armenia, Georgia, Israel, Azerbaijan, Russia, Lebanon and, in recent decades, some European countries and the United States. The Kurds are an indigenous ethnic minority in countries where the Kurdistan region is located, although they have enjoyed partial autonomy in Iraqi Kurdistan since 1991. An irredentist movement pushes for the creation of a Kurdish nation state.

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