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State CoaCoa de-saarland.svg
FlagFlag of Saarland.svg
Flag LinkFlag of Saarland
Pop Date2007-09-30
GDP Year2005
GDP Percent1.2
LeaderAnnegret Kramp-Karrenbauer
Leader PartyCDU
Ruling Party1CDU
Ruling Party2FDP
Ruling Party3Greens
Iso RegionDE-SL
DateAugust 2010

     Home | State | Saarland

Saarland (-deˈzaːɐlant; , -frsaʁIPA) is one of the sixteen states of Germany. The capital is Saarbrücken. It has an area of 2570 km2 and 1,045,000 inhabitants. In both area and population, it is the smallest state in Germany other than the city-states (Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg). Its location on the border between France and Germany has given Saarland a unique history.

The Saar did not exist as a unified entity until its creation as the Territory of the Saar Basin by the League of Nations after World War I. Prior to this, some parts of the current entity were Prussian and other parts Bavarian. The inhabitants voted to rejoin Germany in a plebiscite in 1935.

From 1947 to 1956 the Saar was a French-occupied territory (the "Saar Protectorate") separate from the rest of Germany. In 1955 the inhabitants were offered independence in a plebiscite, but instead voted to become a state of West Germany. From 1920 to 1935, and then from 1947 to 1959, the inhabitants used postage stamps issued specially for the territory; see postage stamps and postal history of the Saar for details. Between 1950 and 1956, Saarland was a member of the Council of Europe. One of Lufthansa's Boeing 747-400s (registered D-ABVS) is named Saarland.

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