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Berlin

Berlin
NameBerlin
Image PhotoOverview Berlin.jpg
Image CaptionLeft to right: Berliner Fernsehturm and Skyline, Siegessäule, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, View over Spree river, and Brandenburger Tor
State CoaCoat of arms of Berlin.svg
Coa Size70
Map Size270
Map TextLocation within European Union and Germany
FlagFlag_of_Berlin.svg
Area891.85
Population3471756
Pop Date30 April 2011
Pop Metro4,429,847
Elevation34 - 115
DemonymBerliner
GDP94.7
GDP Year2010
Websiteberlin.de
Leader TitleGoverning Mayor
LeaderKlaus Wowereit
Leader PartySPD
Ruling Party1SPD
Ruling Party2The Left
Votes4
Divisions12 boroughs
NUTSDE3
StateBerlin
Vorwahl030
KfzB (for earlier signs see note)
Iso RegionDE-BE
PLZ10001 14199
Coordinates Displaydisplay=inline, title
Latd52|latm=30|lats=2|longd=13|longm=23|longs=56
DateSeptember 2010

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Berlin (-enbɜrˈlɪn; -debɛɐ̯ˈliːn-de-Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has 4.4 million residents from over 190 nations. Located in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.

First documented in the 13th century, Berlin was the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (1701 1918), the German Empire (1871 1918), the Weimar Republic (1919 1933) and the Third Reich (1933 1945). Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city became divided into East Berlin-the capital of East Germany-and West Berlin, a West German exclave surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961 1989). Following German reunification in 1990, the city regained its status as the capital of Germany, hosting 147 foreign embassies.

Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science. Its economy is primarily based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, media corporations, and convention venues. Berlin also serves as a continental hub for air and rail transport, and is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, biotechnology, electronics, traffic engineering, and renewable energy.

Berlin is home to renowned universities, research institutes, orchestras, museums, and celebrities, as well as host of many sporting events. Its urban settings and historical legacy have made it a popular location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, public transportation networks and a high quality of living.


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