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Luxembourg

Luxembourg
General information
Common nameLuxembourg
Local name 
 
 
Name 
 
 
Motto"Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn" (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
AnthemOns Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

Royal anthemDe Wilhelmus 1
CapitalLuxembourg
Largest citycapital
Official languagesLuxembourgish (de jure since 1984), French, German
DemonymLuxembourgers
Government
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Grand DukeHenri (List)
Prime MinisterJean-Claude Juncker (List)
IndependenceIndependence
From French empire (Treaty of Paris)9 June 1815
1st Treaty of London19 April 1839
2nd Treaty of London11 May 1867
End of personal union23 November 1890
EU accession25 March 1957
Geography
Total Area998.6 sq mi (2586.4 km2) (175th)
Water %0.00%
Demography
Population Est.511840 (170th)
Population census439539 (2001)
Density (pop.)193.5/km2 (67th) (501.3/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$41.091 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$81,383
GDP (nominal)$54.950 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$108,831
Other information
HDI(+) 0.852 (2010) (very high) (24th)
CurrencyEuro (-)2 (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.lu3
Calling code352

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Luxembourg (c-enaudio=en-us-Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg ( , , ), is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the North as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland ("good country") in the south. Luxembourg has a population of over half a million people in an area of approximately .

A representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is ruled by a grand duke. It is now the world's only remaining sovereign grand duchy. The country has a highly developed economy, with the world's highest GDP (nominal) per capita according to the IMF. Its historic and strategic importance dates back to its founding as a Roman era fortress site and Frankish count's castle site in the Early Middle Ages. It was an important bastion along the Spanish Road when Spain was the principal European power influencing the whole western hemisphere and beyond in the 16th 17th centuries.

Luxembourg is a member of the European Union, NATO, OECD, the United Nations, Benelux, and the Western European Union, reflecting the political consensus in favour of economic, political, and military integration. The city of Luxembourg, the largest and capital city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU.

Luxembourg culture is a mix of Romance Europe and Germanic Europe, borrowing customs from each of the distinct traditions. Luxembourg is a trilingual country; German, French and Luxembourgish are official languages. Although a secular state, Luxembourg is predominantly Roman Catholic.


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