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General information
Common nameGabon
Local nameRépublique Gabonaise
NameRépublique Gabonaise
(French for "Union, Work, Justice")
AnthemLa Concorde
The Concord
Largest citycapital
Official languagesFrench
Vernacular languagesFang, Myene
DemonymGabonese, Gabonaise
GovernmentPresidential republic
PresidentAli Bongo Ondimba
Prime MinisterPaul Biyoghé Mba
from FranceAugust 17, 1960
Total Area103347 sq mi (267668.7 km2) (76th)
Water %3.76%
Population Est.1475000 (150th)
Density (pop.)5.5/km2 (216th) (14.3/sq mi)
GDP PPP$22.478 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$15,020
GDP (nominal)$13.056 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$8,724
Other information
HDI(+) 0.648 (2010) (medium) (93rd)
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code241

     Home | Country | Gabon

Gabon (c-eniconɡəˈbɒn; -frɡabɔ̃), officially the Gabonese Republic ( ) is a state in west central Africa sharing borders with Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, and with the Republic of the Congo curving around the east and south. The Gulf of Guinea, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean is to the west. It covers a land area of nearly 270,000 km2 and has an estimated population of 1,500,000. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.

Since its independence from France on August 17, 1960, Gabon has been ruled by three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Gabon is also a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2010-2011 term. The small population density together with abundant natural resources and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the fourth highest HDI and the third highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Equatorial Guinea and Botswana) in the region.

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