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US State
NicknameThe First State; The Small Wonder;
Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
MottoLiberty and Independence
Largest cityWilmington
Area Ranked49th
Total2490 sq mi 6452 km2
Width30 mi 48 km
Length96 mi 154 km
% water21.5
Pop. Rank45th
Density442.6 /sq mi 170.87 /km2
Median income$50,152 (12th)
Highest pointNear the Ebright Azimuth
447 ft 136.2 m
Mean60 ft 20 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 7, 1787 (1st)
GovernorJack A. Markell (D)
Lieutenant GovernorMatthew P. Denn (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsThomas R. Carper (D)
Chris Coons (D)
U.S. House delegationJohn C. Carney, Jr. (D)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

     Home | State | Delaware

Delaware (c-enaudio=en-us-Delaware is a U.S. state located on the Atlantic Coast in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, to the east by New Jersey and to the north by Pennsylvania. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor, after whom what is now called Cape Henlopen was originally named.

Delaware is located in the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and is the second smallest state in area (after Rhode Island). Estimates in 2007 rank the population of Delaware as 45th in the nation, but 6th in population density, with more than 60% of the population in New Castle County. Delaware is divided into three counties. From north to south, these three counties are New Castle, Kent, and Sussex. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle County has been more industrialized.

The state ranks second in civilian scientists and engineers as a percentage of the workforce and number of patents issued to companies or individuals per 1,000 workers. The history of the state's economic and industrial development is closely tied to the impact of the Du Pont family, founders and scions of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, one of the world’s largest chemical companies.

Before its coastline was first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, located near the present town of Lewes, in 1631. Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution and on December 7, 1787, became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, thereby becoming known as The First State.

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