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New Jersey

New Jersey
US State
NicknameThe Garden State
MottoLiberty and prosperity
Official languagesNone
DemonymNew Jerseyan, New Jerseyite
Largest cityNewark
Area Ranked47th
Total8721 sq mi 22608 km2
Width70 mi 112 km
Length170 mi 273 km
% water14.9
Pop. Rank11th
Total8,791,894 (2010 Census)
Density1185 /sq mi 458 /km2
Median income$70,378 (2nd)
Highest pointHigh Point
1803 ft 550 m
Mean246 ft 75.2 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 18, 1787 (3rd)
GovernorChris Christie (R)
Lieutenant GovernorKim Guadagno (R)
LegislatureNew Jersey Legislature
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseGeneral Assembly
U.S. SenatorsFrank Lautenberg (D)
Bob Menendez (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats, 6 Republicans
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

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New Jersey c-enaudio=en-us-New Jersey.oggnjuː_ˈdʒɜrzi is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania and on the southwest by Delaware. New Jersey lies mostly within the sprawling metropolitan areas of New York City and Philadelphia and is the most densely populated state in the United States. It is also the third wealthiest by 2009-2010 median household income.

The area was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements. The British later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey. It was granted as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. At this time, it was named after the largest of the British Channel Islands, Jersey, where Carteret had been born. New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War.

In the 19th century, factories in cities such as Elizabeth, Paterson, and Trenton helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's position at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C., fueled its rapid growth through the suburban boom of the 1950s and beyond.

The Governor of New Jersey is Republican Chris Christie, who assumed office in 2010.

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